Basic Image Clean Up
Before we get into this composite, we're going to do some basic touch upon this picture because you may notice well, first of all, the exposure on this image is pretty whack right it's tio underexposed and he has a little scratch on his cheek here because the little kids heard their nails are like claws and you cannot keep up with them they grabbed involved all the time, so I'm going to show you how we can fix this little scratch on his cheek, so to do that I'm going to zoom in and take a look at this, so I'm holding down command space bar and I'm going to click and drag too draw a zoom box on the image and I can zoom right in and then if I need to reposition the image, I can hold the space bar down and drag it around like that and actually I'm going to back up a little I feel like that was too close, so I'm gonna back up with commander control minus to just scoot back a little bit, all right? So fixing the scratch is so easy I'm just going to come over here to the toolbar and you see ...
the little icon it's a band aid with these little dots coming out of it it's called the spot healing brush tool, and if I click on that I get this round cursor and that represents my brush. I can change the size of my cursor by dragging the slider down here in the options or if you are a keyboard fan, I'm going to use the left bracket key to make the brush smaller or the right bracket key would make it bigger. So the left bracket keep going to make it smaller. How small my going to make it? Well, not so small, but it's like this. I want to make the brush big enough to cover the scratch, but not so big, but I'm re touching his whole cheek, right? Because the way the tool operates is it's sort of an automated thing it's going toe smartly fix the scratch, and if I make the brush so huge, it's basically taking too much information into consideration it basically over things, and we don't want to do that, so I mean, it makes the cursor about this big, and then I'm just going to click and paint and dragging with my mouth dragging over the scratch and it's gone pretty awesome so you can use that for anything in your image that just needs a little quick removal, whether it's a scratch like that or if you've got dust on your camera sensor or just a little, I don't know flair or some weird thing that gets in your way. Composition you can just get rid of it pretty easily like that. So again, that was the spot healing brush. Okay, I'm going to get back to my full image on my screen by pressing commander control zero to fit it on the screen on let's talk about the exposure and how we can fix this so there's a couple different things we can dio we can come up to the enhancement you and we can choose adjust lighting and there is a control here for brightness and contrast so that's, pretty straight forward, even if you're totally new to this, that should hopefully make sense. So when I click on that, I get this, uh, window here and I can move it out of the way by clicking on the bar and just dragging it over because it often lands right in the middle and you can't see what you're doing, so feel free to kick it to the curb so you can see it's just got two sliders, brightness and contrast, so as you would expect, I wanted brighten it. I just take that slider and drag it to the right. If I want tio adjust the contrast, I can lessen it or boost it like that, so this is a pretty straightforward operation, so a lot of people like to start out there if you're looking for a little bit more detailed information I'm going to go ahead and cancel this you can also do a levels adjustment so if we go back to the in hand the menu and we choose adjust lighting we can come down here to levels and this might look familiar to some this is the history graham right? So you see this in lots of places you see this and photo shop you see this on the back of your camera sometimes sometimes on purpose sometimes by accident and then you're like what is so it's not scary sometimes it looks a little scary but it's just a visual representation of the different lightness and darkness values in your photo so and they're spread out on a scale basically so over here on the left this represents our shadows and over here on the right this represents highlights so as you could see in an underexposed image all this information is heavy on the left side there's nothing over here so to fix that I'm just going to take the highlight slider and drag it in words and we see the images going to brighton they were basically reedus were telling photoshopped to redistribute all of this information so we might just move the the highlight fighter we may decide we also want to bump the mid tones here I feel like when I dragged the slider over the mid tones are kind of getting clogged up so I might just bright in those a bit as well. Uh, maybe something like here. It's, really different on the monitor verses on my screen, but something like that, and when we're happy with it, we can go ahead and click. Ok, and we'll see that it's adjusted.