Intro to Targeted Adjustments
Targeted justin's and photoshopped my favorite subject in all the photo shop in large part because I'm such a control freak and I love to be able to apply exercise as much control as is possible over my images and it's interesting because targeted adjustments layer masks, selections all the stuff has a reputation as being very, very complicated and actually it's not as complicated as it seems at first glance and I could make it seem really complicated if I wanted to but the basic concepts of pretty straightforward so when it comes to targeted adjustments in the context of what we're going to talking about today, it primarily revolves around two things those two things are adjustment layers, which is how we're going to apply our adjustments in a non destructive way in a very flexible way and a layer mask, which is how we tell photoshopped wherein the image we want a particular adjustment to apply so let's just kind of take a look at the overall concept let's sort of pretend like we're g...
oing to make some adjustments and just play around a little bit. I've got an image here, a bald eagle flying across the backdrop in alaska and let's assume that I want to apply an adjustment that on lee effect it's an eagle this is the beauty of targeted adjustments when you take a look at your image and say I really like this except except there's one little area that could use a little bit more tinkering could use a little bit more refinement or whatever the case might be in this case, for example, maybe I want to add some contrast to the eagle enhance the texture of the feathers, et cetera maybe mute down the background a little bit. So how do I tell photoshopped? Which areas of the photo I want to actually work on? What I want to focus my adjustment on well that's selections and layer masks and alfa channels and all this complicated stuff but it's actually really simple, so let's take a look at what a selection looks like to photo shop what a layer mask looks like the photo shop what an alfa channel looks like to photo shop they're all the same thing literally exactly the same thing a selection is the layer mascots and out the channel just being presented in a different way in a different context, but all of it is just essentially a black and white image. So just for demonstration purposes I'm going to create a new pixel base layer mostly so I can paint on something without actually destroying the pixels in my photo here and I'm going to identify to photo shop the area that I want to work on versus the area that I don't want to work on and so I'll just paint now bear in mind I'm just painting really sloppy here I'm not doing a careful job this is just for demonstration purposes only I know that this is not a perfect tracing of the eagle, but you get the idea here that I am at least in theory defining where in the image the eagle is so there we have it that's approximately the eagle, so now I'm going to just do a little quick shortcut here so that I can fill in the rest of the image don't worry about how I actually accomplish that. The bottom line is that I made the eagle white and I made the rest of the image black that's a selection that's a layer mask that's, an alfa channel it's essentially just a black and white image. This is how photoshopped thinks about selections layer mass alfa channels it's so easy, it's just a stencil white is where I want to affect the image and black is where I don't want to affect the image we'll get into more details about that there's lots of other subtle little details along the way but at its core when it comes to a targeted adjustment in photo shop again I'm assigning a an adjustment layer I'm making an adjustment layer that will change the appearance of the image in some way and then I'm using a construct such as this what we see here black and white to define where I want that adjustment toe actually take place pretty straightforward at its core now the trick, of course, is to do it all with great accuracy and to make sure that you're blending in your adjustments really well, et cetera will cover all of those various details, but ultimately, I think one of the most important things to keep in mind is that this whole concept of layer masking and targeted adjustments it's really pretty simple it's an adjustment and it's a little picture that you draw to tell photos of where you want your image to be adjusted and where you don't. And so in the context of a layer mask, what you'll hear me say a lot is black blocks and white reveals black is blocking something, and white is revealing something in this case because we're talking about adjustment layers. What black is blocking is the effect of the adjustment. What white is revealing is the effect of the adjustment. What kind of adjustment? I have no idea we haven't gotten that far yet. Maybe it's a color adjustment, maybe it's, atonality adjustment, maybe we're enhancing contrast, whatever that adjustment might be. Black blocks the adjustment white reveals the adjustments or little picture that we drew here is essentially saying the photo shop I want you to do something to the eagle and I don't want you to do that thing to the background to everything in the image that is not the eagle all right? So yes, of course just interrupt before we go too far way had some of people asking about back to the eagle photo what that shortcut was that you did which said that to fill in or what sort of talking about all of them, all of them so every single sort that I used in the making of that black and white and it s o I suspect it was about filling but let her be to get the brush tool for example left and right square bracket keys to adjust the size of the brush holding the shift key with the left and right square bracket cues allows you to adjust the hardness of the brush and twenty percent increments uh I also I'm suspecting what they were really looking for is I made a selection so I helped the control key amanda's command cheon macintosh and clicked on that layer that I had painted white that will select all of the pixels on that layer which in that case was on ly those white pixels because the rest of the lair was empty that gave me a selection. I've been inverted that selection with control shift, I on windows command shift. I own macintosh, and then I filled with the background color by holding the control he on windows command cheon macintosh in hitting the delay. Maybe I think that, like, wow keyboard shortcut used in that little can. I think he deserves a round of applause.
Targeted adjustments in Adobe® Photoshop® give you incredible power when editing photographs. Learn how they can quickly transform your images in Targeted Adjustments in Adobe® Photoshop® with Tim Grey.
Tim will help you truly understand the concepts and functionality behind layer masking. You’ll learn how you can apply adjustments to specific areas of a photo. Tim will demonstrate selection techniques, painting on layer masks, and using gradients. You’ll develop the skills you need to make impactful and efficient adjustments.
Software Used: Adobe Photoshop CC 2014.2.2