Getting Rid of Clutter
There are four ways to get rid of visual clutter now the most obvious ways to simply crop it out. Take your camera and move physically closer to the subject, or if moving closer is impractical or simply not possible. Then you can switch to a longer focal length lens, which will narrow the angle of view and achieve a similar result of cutting extraneous space around the subject, which is what I did for this image. This is a picture of a bear's poor on dim, particular, its claws on to focus your attention on what is my story. I've used to telephoto lens to crop out all the information. There's not relevant, including most of the bear. Now there's enough information to tell you it's a bear, but I've drawn your eye to the subject. I want you to see the poor now. Cropping works fine with peripheral distractions, stuff that's going on around the subject. What about clutter? Thats directly behind that's not so easy to physically remove. Instead, you have to remove it visually. This is an imag...
e of a kingfisher perched on the stalk of grass. There's not much doubt about that, but look behind the Kingfisher. What I saw was a mask, clump of branches, leaves, bushes and tree trunks. But you can't see that because I've removed all that detail by blurring it. Human beings a program to ignore things that a blood, the greater the blur, the more we ignore it. Now in photography, we can exploit this aspect of our makeup to visually remove distracting clutter that we can't lose physically. Now, another tool you have at your disposal is selective exposure, and a great example of this is a silhouette. Technically, a silhouette is under exposed. But artistically, the deep shadow hides distracting details, which is texture of pattern and color in orderto emphasize shape, this is a giraffe on like the Kingfisher. There's no doubt about that. You can tell by its shape, but can you tell me, for example, the sub species or its age? The answer to both these questions is no, because I haven't given you that information. I've hidden it in the under exposure. Now, with selective exposure, you can also go the opposite way and over exposed bright tones. In this example, I've over exposed the snowy backdrop to remove any semblance of texture to create an artistic interpretation of the scene. The final way of removing distracting visual elements is to use the principles of design. On a perfect example is black and white photography of the five basic elements of design, line, shape, color, pattern and texture. Color is the most powerful to the extent it overwhelms all others is comparable to the power of vision in the five human senses. And just to show you what I mean as an experiment, close your eyes for a moment and notice all the sounds going on around you that you were oblivious to when your eyes were open. As vision overpowers, our other four senses. So color overpowers the other four elements of design. And here's an example. I was watching this hippo very late in the day at a waterhole in Kruger National Park. Now in color, it's a poor snapshot, a record of the event. So why did I take it to answer that question? Let's see what happens when I turn it black and white. Notice how the shakiness and texture of the hippos head suddenly stands out. That's what I saw, texture and shape of my story, and I've removed color to help tell that story in a visually powerful way. I'm going to end this module not with my words, but the words of the legendary photographer William a lot. It's how you see It's the old Hemingway house, which you cutaway cutaway kind of way to get rid of the stuff you don't need your responsible for every little bit of that space within the picture. In other words, great photographs are defined by what you leave out rather than what you keep in No.