The Two Most Important Controls on Your Camera
there are only two controls on the camera that effect composition, lens, aperture and shutter speed. This is a reason that any old camera, however antiquated or inexpensive in the hands of a skilled photographer, will record a compelling image now shutter speed and aperture covered in great detail in the first of the complete photographer, Siri's. So here. I just want to give you a flavor of how you can use them to set mood and to emphasize or de emphasize elements in the scene. To do this. I've come here on to affirm my point about antiquated cameras. I'm going to shoot with this. My ancient, fully manual Niccum at camera shut the speed controls how movement appears. A fast shutter speed freezes movement to reveal detail and form a slow shutter. Speed blurs movement to create a sense of motion on visual energy. Photographing a waterfall using a fast shutter speed will create an image where the water looks more like ice frozen so you can see every splash and droplet of water. A slow sh...
utter speed, on the other hand, will create a veil of water. Detail is lost, but there's a greater sense of movement intentional motion blurs a creative technique used to give an impression of movement in a static subject. I like to use it when photographing trees, for example, and it creates an effect that looked a lot like an Impressionist painting a technical bit, I said, to shut the speed of around one second. But the skill in this technique is in the body movement. What I'm doing here is I'm bending at the waist as if I'm bowing. Keep my arms tight to the body and perfectly still on that. Make sure I get a perfectly straight line. Now. You do look a bit odd, to be fair, especially doing it in view of the main highway, But this is a result on, I think, is worth it. In technical terms, lens aperture controls depth of field that is, the area in front of and behind the point of focus that appears sharp. More importantly, in composition, it determines emphasis. In other words, lens aperture let you highlight the important objects and high the distracting ones. Now the reason for this is biological. Human beings focus our attention on objects at a sharp, and we ignore objects of the blood and to show you what I mean. I've enlisted the help of my daughter, Holly. I've come to a field of sunflowers, and I'm going to take to classic portrait shots of Holly, the first using a wide aperture, the second using a narrow aperture on Let's Compare the two images in the first image, where both foreground and background of blurred the eye focuses on what's sharp in this case, Holly. I've isolated Holly, and so the visual story becomes about. Her is a classic portrait in the second image, where the whole scene is sharp holly on the sunflowers in front and behind her, the eye has taken on a journey from foreground to background. Now the visual story has changed. This is an image of Holly walking through a field of sunflowers. Both images work aesthetically, but I've changed the story they tell by changing the emphasis I give to different areas of the frame using lens aperture, learning the nuances of shutter speed and lens. Aperture is the most critical part of camera technique because in terms of composition, they're the only two controls that change the look and feel of the image