Spot Healing Brush on Blemishes
Let's take a look at doing some healing retouching. So I'm gonna pop back over to the organizer and we're gonna open, I think, three more images. And this time we'll be working on skin stuff, so this is really applicable, I think, a lot of people will relate to this. And there's one more photo while we're here. We'll get this, OK. Open these up. Oh yeah, Photoshop's acting much more normally now that we trashed those preference files. All right. Let's start with the baby over here. So, this is the thing about retouching, is that it's not isolated to teenagers who are dealing with acne issues or aging people who might have lines that they're not fans of. Even brand new babies, they actually end up getting a lot of retouching. And it's not just skin, babies can have little baby bumps and things too, but a lot of times, I know with my own son, when I would take pictures of him, somehow it would escape me, I was more worried about when he was learning to sit and I'd try to photograph him, ...
for example, I'd be worried more about him tipping over while I was trying to take his picture, so I was overlooking things like the drool that had dropped down his shirt or what have you. So those are the other types of things that you can retouch with the same tools I'm gonna show you now. So keep that in mind as you're looking at your own images and struggling to figure out, "How can I fix this funny thing that happened?" It's the same technique. So, in this case, we're looking at these little blemishes on this little babe. And there are several tools for dealing with this. I'm gonna show you this one up here, there's two tools in this, this is the healing brush, and it comes in two flavors. The spot healing brush, they're both band-aids, right? So that's where the healing comes in, they're both band-aids. And this one, the spot healing brush, has a little marching ant circle coming out of it. The other healing brush is just the regular healing brush. So we're gonna start with the spot healing brush, this is the most simplistic to use and really quick and easy, and it's perfect for little spots like these little marks that the baby has. So I've zoomed into my image, and now that I'm here, I can use the space bar to drag around. So no matter what tool is active, if I press and hold the space bar, it gives me the hand tool. So I can just scoot around my image very quickly. And you really wanna make use of those keyboard navigation shortcuts, because I think part of feeling in command in Photoshop is not being clumsy and stumbling around your photos, so this is very empowering, to be able to just move around where you want. So we'll start up here on her forehead. So that we can keep track of our work and see what we're doing, I'm actually gonna create a blank layer. Not a duplicated layer, although you could do that too, but to show you something special about how these tools work, I wanna work on a blank layer. All right. So go ahead and make a new blank layer if you're following along, and with the spot healing brush tool active, I need to come down here and make sure that there is a check mark next to this button that says, "Sample all layers," OK? The reason is if I don't have a check mark here and I'm working on a blank layer, I can bring my cursor into the photo and click and drag as much as I want, and nothing will happen. Because I'm healing nothing, right? This checkerboard pattern represents transparency, so without the background layer, there's nothing here. So, we want the tool to sample all the layers, not just the empty one that we currently are on. The way this tool works is it performs basically like a transplant surgery of sorts. So, when I click my mouse on this dot, and I kinda just rub a little bit, I'm holding the mouse button down while I tell you this, the tool is sampling all the layers, so it's reaching through layer one and sampling the background, and then when I let go and release my mouse, look at that. It healed the area of her skin but it put the healthy tissue on layer one. So now if I hide the background, you can see that there's this little blob of healthy looking skin on layer one. If I turn the background on and hide layer one, we can see the original blemish on the skin back in the background layer. What this does is just gives us a lot of flexibility, so if we make a mistake or if Photoshop has what I call a misfire, it's really easy to fix. Because this is all a sort of, like a smart tool, I guess you could say, so it's analyzing the surrounding area and it's deciding what to paint over this blemish. And sometimes, it doesn't make a good choice. It usually does pretty well but sometimes not. And that's what I call a misfire. So we'll go through this and see if any misfires happen. I have a feeling it'll just do a great job on this image because it's pretty simple. But I just click in and that's it. Click, dab, click, dab, all of those little blemishes are going away. Here, I can even click and just draw a little line and it'll just heal all of that. So you can do dots but you can also do like a little bit bigger area, if you need to. I'm gonna just go through this, I'm trying to get it to make a mistake, so I'm retouching more than I maybe normally would to see if I can get it to trip up a little bit. Let's try this little hair that is sort of just streaking down her face right here, I'm gonna click and just drag that whole big area and when I let go it renders a flawless heal. Maybe if she had some, sometimes I notice when I take my son's pictures, he'll have like, breakfast still on his face and I didn't wipe it all off after breakfast, so maybe I can kind of paint over this area. It's still doing pretty well. Or this large area of her cheek, maybe I can just try to blend that and get more of a misfire. Oh, there we go. Finally, it gave me a little bit of a misfire because what it did was it actually tried to replace this area of her cheek with this, which included a bit of the smile line, I think that's what it's pulling in. So, here's an example of just not a good blend that's happening. When you use these healing tools, they're different than the clone stamp that we'll talk about shortly, but the healing tools work by blending, so it's sampling information from our background and then it's trying to blend that with the surrounding area. And so it's a very calculated thing, and sometimes it just doesn't know where to go and it reached over here and grabbed her smile line. So, because this is in its own layer, I can actually just grab the eraser and just erase this whole area, and I don't have to worry that I've messed up my background or any of the other healing spots that we've already done. So I could just try it again. Maybe instead of one big scribble, I do smaller bits here. That looks pretty good. And then I'm not worried about pulling this area in. So that's also part of the strategy when you use this tool, sometimes shorter strokes, especially with the spot healing brush, the shorter strokes are gonna work a lot better. If I try to paint her whole face all in one big stroke, when I let go, you can see it caused all kinds of problems. So, shorter strokes are gonna be a better choice with that spot healing brush.