Skip to main content

5 Common Key Light Patterns

Lesson 15 from: Lighting 101

SLR Lounge, Pye Jirsa

5 Common Key Light Patterns

Lesson 15 from: Lighting 101

SLR Lounge, Pye Jirsa

buy this class

$00

$00
Sale Ends Soon!

starting under

$13/month*

Unlock this classplus 2000+ more >

Lesson Info

15. 5 Common Key Light Patterns

Lessons

Class Trailer
1

Chapter 1 Introduction

01:26
2

Why Just One On-Camera Flash

04:22
3

5 Reasons to Use Flash

10:37
4

Common Flash Myths

06:51
5

What Makes Flash Challenging?

04:56
6

Chapter 2 Introduction

01:36
7

Flash-Strobe vs. Ambient-Constant Light

08:19
8

Flash vs. Ambient Light Exposure

03:07
9

Flash vs. Ambient Demo

06:42
10

Flash and Ambient Balancing for Natural Effect

07:11
11

Flash and Ambient Balancing for Dramatic Effect

04:19
12

Flash and Ambient Balancing for Creative Effect

07:10
13

Understanding Flash Duration

08:37
14

Chapter 3 Introduction

01:34
15

5 Common Key Light Patterns

08:38
16

5 Common Key Light Patterns w/ Diffusion & Fill

07:42
17

5 Common Secondary Light Patterns

08:28
18

3 Primary Subject Patterns

05:27
19

Light Qualities

09:56
20

The Inverse Square Law

07:50
21

Inverse Square Law in Practice

08:21
22

Corrective White Balance

10:02
23

Creative White Balance

05:47
24

Chapter 4 Introduction

01:58
25

On Board vs. Hot Shoe Flash

05:57
26

Full Feature vs. Manual Flashes

08:59
27

TTL vs. Manual Control

08:12
28

TTL vs. Manual Recycle Times

04:43
29

Flash Power & Zoom

09:18
30

HHS vs. ND Filters

12:29
31

FCS vs. RCS

07:11
32

Chapter 5 Introduction

01:38
33

4 Tips When You Must Use Direct Flash

06:00
34

Bare Bulbing Done Right

11:42
35

Grid Snoot + Direct Flash

06:43
36

Mini Beauty + Direct Flash

06:08
37

Ring + Direct Flash

07:52
38

Understanding Modifiers

09:24
39

Direct Flash + Shutter Flash

09:07
40

Chapter 6 Introduction

01:55
41

Ambient vs. Direct Flash vs. Bounce Flash

14:27
42

Silver Bounce

14:27
43

More Light Silver

11:02
44

Soft White Bounce

15:41
45

Overhead Bounce

11:39
46

Overhead Bounce + Fill

09:42
47

Event Bounce

12:42
48

Chapter 7 Introduction

01:38
49

Natural vs. Dramatic Light

17:43
50

Filling and Refining Existing Light

08:44
51

Coloring Light for Corrective Effect

13:33
52

Coloring Light for Creative Effect

10:27
53

Chapter 8 Introduction

00:43
54

Case Study 1 - Dramatic Sunset

09:45
55

Case Study 2 - Desert Sunset

10:04
56

Case Study 3 - Sinister Headshot

09:40
57

Case Study 4 - Family Portrait

08:21
58

Case Study 5 - Athlete Portraits

11:19
59

Case Study 6 - Working Angles

07:22
60

Case Study 7 - Drag + Composite

08:09
61

Case Study 8 - Less is More

07:16
62

The Good Karma Jar

01:41
63

Favorite Feature Flashes

05:52
64

Favorite Manual Flashes

21:35
65

Favorite On Camera Flash Modifiers

21:21

Lesson Info

5 Common Key Light Patterns

In my book, the first step when it comes to understanding lighting is toe understand the five most common or the five primary ki lighting patterns. Now, the key light is simply the primary light over your subject. You can call it a key light. You can call the main light whatever you wanna call it. It's totally fine. Technically is referred to as a key. Or maybe, but we're gonna do is demonstrate and show you basically what these key light patterns are great for we're going to show you the direction of how the light is coming on to the subject and what the characteristics of the ark is. Each one of them is great for different purposes. So let's, go ahead and start. Now for these we have our lovely real life model olivia. Here. Libby's actually are shoot producer and she's, our wardrobe hair and makeup artist who works with us. And we have her best friend in this shoot too. Anita, let me introduce you all to anita. I need him in a year. Going out. Hello? I don't know. Really how anita so...

unds or what her accent should be. But this is anita. I need a body. I need about a real bad, okay, so he's gonna be our lovely head model, and anita is olivia's practice hair and makeup model that she used to use going through school so thanks to olivia for providing this creepy little head for us to demonstrate to you all I really appreciate it but the great thing about this is that using our little light panel chroma right here I want to show you all kind of the position of the light in relation to the face and you're going to see in the video as well but it's a little bit easier to see if I can shift it back and forth thing is khun see it almost in kind of three d and see the space and exact position and placement and so forth so let's go ahead and start from the top number one we have flat lighting a flat lining is basically where the light is directly coming into the face now this could be from a light that's place behind the camera or it could be just barely above the lens so it's going to come directly in the face like this generally when you are flat lighting you don't want it to come from below the lens you always wanted from above the lens is goingto look unnatural anything we're coming from below will look unnatural so this is what it looks like if I turn this to the side it's this flat light that goes directly onto the face what is flat like good for well flat light has very little shadow. Okay, so if you look at this, it fills in all the shadows on the face. So the great thing about flat light is it's very non dramatic, ok, it's going to create a very flattering look because it's going to fill in all the lines and all the wrinkles and all the imperfections and it's going to really create a beautiful overall look. So we're going to use it for head shots, which will demonstrate like a nice little square lights set up that will give you a beautiful flat light, and we're also going to use it well, when we do our direct flash editorial shots and so forth, it creates a really fantastic look to the images and don't think that just because the light has no direction, it's not a good light, it is it's great for these types of shots. The next one, we're just going to move and adjust the lights in a very subtle way, and we're going to do is get to butterfly lighting, which is number two butterfly or paramount. Now it's called paramount because the actual studio paramount used this type of lighting technique toe light every single one of their celebrity headshots for a long, long time back in the old days of hollywood, so it became known as paramount lighting. But this is basically butterfly light and it's, characterized by this little butterfly that you have right underneath the nose. It kind of creates the wings and the pattern of a butterfly underneath a nose. With that the shadow so that light we move from flat light simply up a little bit, and we angle it down. Okay, so for right here and it's straight over the face. I'm going to turn this to the sign a little. If you guys can see it. This is our butterfly light, and you can see that butterfly shadow just right underneath the nose. Okay, so this is again without diffusion, but it's going to look a little bit different with diffusion. Now, butterfly light is fantastic because similar to flat lighting it's going to come directly onto the face, which means that it fills and wrinkles and it fills and everything. And if you use a reflector underneath which creates clamshell lighting, you get a beautiful phil and it looks fantastic. It's a very flattering beauty type light that's often used for beauty. It's often used her portrait's and so forth it's again, another great kind of similar to flat light, but it does create a little more shadow than flat lighting. Okay, so moving from butterfly, we get toe loop now loop is basically where we take the light and it's again above the subjects had a little bit, but we move it off camera or just off angle a little bit by around twenty five say fifty degrees so if this was where our paramount light was, loop is going to be right about here where around twenty five to fifty degrees we're starting create just a little bit of a shadow that comes off the nose and you can see that it's just a little bit of an edge there so it's a great light because it creates a slightly more dramatic look as it creates a little more shadow on the face with flat light with butterfly light it's very much kind of shadows especially when we're using a lot of phil and so forth there's really not a lot of shadow which makes it very flattering but it's not a very dramatic style of light once we get in the loop has a little bit more drama to it it still is covering most the face and light but with the direction why would get a little more shadow on one side and if ah subject has a good versus a well I want to say if more flattering side we might want to choose loop or even rembrandt lighting to kind of light into the side of they might prefer so it's getting slightly more flattering look overall okay so from that now we have loop which is twenty five degrees say this is paramount here we got loop and don't mind me kind of changing the direction this is just for these purposes so if we're to look off to the side here is loop right here so that's where it looks like in position to the head okay let me make sure that that's the right shadow and then we go into rembrandt now rembrandt's basic when we pull this off even mohr directionally and what we end up getting is we get this little we get a lot of light on one side of face and we get a split highlight just right over the eye and under the cheek of the eye okay on the other side the face but most the faces in shadow so if I turn this to the sign again this is kind of what it looks like from the side is going to come up high and we get that little split right they're leaving half the really a good part of the face in in shadow with exception the I in that cheek okay again rembrandt lighting you're getting more and more dramatic as we add an introduced mohr shadow into our portrait we're going to get a more dramatic look which for this type of a shot isn't necessarily the most flattering thing but still we can diffuse it because this is still a direct light not defused we have pretty sharp shadow edges when we diffuse it a little more flattering but typically it's not used for beauty it's used for drama it's used when you want to show you no more shadows and more edge to an image all right, so I wouldn't use it when you want to like create a very flattering portrait your your subject might be a little angry with you that they kind of look like wise it looks so serious and they won't know what even if they're smiling okay lastly we have split so rembrandt was more angled loop so here we have loop okay, so loop was about right here rembrandt was over here and the split is basically right after the side where were basically splitting the light so it's coming directly from the side where you get the split right down the nose okay, so leaving half the face and shadow and half the face lit up so if you're gonna light it from lissy I want to do this far to switch hands the light is essentially just directly behind well it's not too behind but to the side of their face. So from here to hear now again if rembrandt is to be kind of directional and to create more drama then your split lighting is going to create even more drama okay it's going to leave half the face and shade but it's heavily directional, so it makes it really fantastic for, say, athletic portrait's and so forth. We use a lot of rembrandt and split lighting when we do our athlete portrait, because we want that heavily directional light not only the dramatic. It also draws a lot of definition across their their muscle features and so forth. So these two, I'd say our kind of mohr on the dramatic side and based on what we have here in this in this lighting setup. But if you notice as we go to this sign, we end up with less shadows. Less shadows means less drama, and as we go to this sign, we ended with more shadows, and more shadows means more drama. So those are our five common key light patterns of five primary key light patterns. Let's, go in the next video, and we're going to show you what these key light patterns look like with diffusion, because the change it's actually quite significant between these with direct light, without diffusion and with diffusion and phil.

Class Materials

Bonus Materials with Purchase

Lighting 101 Slides

Ratings and Reviews

Sid
 

The best class for understanding light and lighting there is bar none. Pye is an excellent teacher and the quality of the material provides for a rich and very informative experience. Pye breaks down the fundamentals in easy to digest packets and then elaborates as needed. If there is one class that you watch this is it! Worth purchasing and saving for future use. I would also HIGHLY recommend downloading the saving the PDF of slides that accompany the videos. Again, and can't say it enough, this is THE BEST video to lighting on Creative Live. A must watch for the novice and the expert.

Simon Metselaar
 

This is the best thing that happened to me since I've been into photography. What a lifesaver. Unfortunately I already payed for some courses that are not Pye, but Pye just nails it. Amazing, and kind of a life hack. Thanks again :)

George Gan
 

Pye...it was well worth your b.tt...Great training. I have learned some key lighting techniques from this training. His voice and training is clear except for his attempt at making jokes and singing...you should hire a new script writer for your Jokes...ha ha ha ha. With that said, if you are not a professional in lighting, you do gain a lot going through this training from front to end. Remember this is lighting 101 so don't expect too much...you want more technical and complexity, wait for Lighting 201, 301 or 401 ...

Student Work

RELATED ARTICLES

Recent

Articles

Recent

Articles

Recent

Articles

Recent

Articles

Recent

Articles

RELATED ARTICLES

Recent

Articles