Lighting 101


Lighting 101


Lesson Info

5 Common Key Light Patterns

In my book, the first step when it comes to understanding lighting is toe understand the five most common or the five primary ki lighting patterns. Now, the key light is simply the primary light over your subject. You can call it a key light. You can call the main light whatever you wanna call it. It's totally fine. Technically is referred to as a key. Or maybe, but we're gonna do is demonstrate and show you basically what these key light patterns are great for we're going to show you the direction of how the light is coming on to the subject and what the characteristics of the ark is. Each one of them is great for different purposes. So let's, go ahead and start. Now for these we have our lovely real life model olivia. Here. Libby's actually are shoot producer and she's, our wardrobe hair and makeup artist who works with us. And we have her best friend in this shoot too. Anita, let me introduce you all to anita. I need him in a year. Going out. Hello? I don't know. Really how anita so...

unds or what her accent should be. But this is anita. I need a body. I need about a real bad, okay, so he's gonna be our lovely head model, and anita is olivia's practice hair and makeup model that she used to use going through school so thanks to olivia for providing this creepy little head for us to demonstrate to you all I really appreciate it but the great thing about this is that using our little light panel chroma right here I want to show you all kind of the position of the light in relation to the face and you're going to see in the video as well but it's a little bit easier to see if I can shift it back and forth thing is khun see it almost in kind of three d and see the space and exact position and placement and so forth so let's go ahead and start from the top number one we have flat lighting a flat lining is basically where the light is directly coming into the face now this could be from a light that's place behind the camera or it could be just barely above the lens so it's going to come directly in the face like this generally when you are flat lighting you don't want it to come from below the lens you always wanted from above the lens is goingto look unnatural anything we're coming from below will look unnatural so this is what it looks like if I turn this to the side it's this flat light that goes directly onto the face what is flat like good for well flat light has very little shadow. Okay, so if you look at this, it fills in all the shadows on the face. So the great thing about flat light is it's very non dramatic, ok, it's going to create a very flattering look because it's going to fill in all the lines and all the wrinkles and all the imperfections and it's going to really create a beautiful overall look. So we're going to use it for head shots, which will demonstrate like a nice little square lights set up that will give you a beautiful flat light, and we're also going to use it well, when we do our direct flash editorial shots and so forth, it creates a really fantastic look to the images and don't think that just because the light has no direction, it's not a good light, it is it's great for these types of shots. The next one, we're just going to move and adjust the lights in a very subtle way, and we're going to do is get to butterfly lighting, which is number two butterfly or paramount. Now it's called paramount because the actual studio paramount used this type of lighting technique toe light every single one of their celebrity headshots for a long, long time back in the old days of hollywood, so it became known as paramount lighting. But this is basically butterfly light and it's, characterized by this little butterfly that you have right underneath the nose. It kind of creates the wings and the pattern of a butterfly underneath a nose. With that the shadow so that light we move from flat light simply up a little bit, and we angle it down. Okay, so for right here and it's straight over the face. I'm going to turn this to the sign a little. If you guys can see it. This is our butterfly light, and you can see that butterfly shadow just right underneath the nose. Okay, so this is again without diffusion, but it's going to look a little bit different with diffusion. Now, butterfly light is fantastic because similar to flat lighting it's going to come directly onto the face, which means that it fills and wrinkles and it fills and everything. And if you use a reflector underneath which creates clamshell lighting, you get a beautiful phil and it looks fantastic. It's a very flattering beauty type light that's often used for beauty. It's often used her portrait's and so forth it's again, another great kind of similar to flat light, but it does create a little more shadow than flat lighting. Okay, so moving from butterfly, we get toe loop now loop is basically where we take the light and it's again above the subjects had a little bit, but we move it off camera or just off angle a little bit by around twenty five say fifty degrees so if this was where our paramount light was, loop is going to be right about here where around twenty five to fifty degrees we're starting create just a little bit of a shadow that comes off the nose and you can see that it's just a little bit of an edge there so it's a great light because it creates a slightly more dramatic look as it creates a little more shadow on the face with flat light with butterfly light it's very much kind of shadows especially when we're using a lot of phil and so forth there's really not a lot of shadow which makes it very flattering but it's not a very dramatic style of light once we get in the loop has a little bit more drama to it it still is covering most the face and light but with the direction why would get a little more shadow on one side and if ah subject has a good versus a well I want to say if more flattering side we might want to choose loop or even rembrandt lighting to kind of light into the side of they might prefer so it's getting slightly more flattering look overall okay so from that now we have loop which is twenty five degrees say this is paramount here we got loop and don't mind me kind of changing the direction this is just for these purposes so if we're to look off to the side here is loop right here so that's where it looks like in position to the head okay let me make sure that that's the right shadow and then we go into rembrandt now rembrandt's basic when we pull this off even mohr directionally and what we end up getting is we get this little we get a lot of light on one side of face and we get a split highlight just right over the eye and under the cheek of the eye okay on the other side the face but most the faces in shadow so if I turn this to the sign again this is kind of what it looks like from the side is going to come up high and we get that little split right they're leaving half the really a good part of the face in in shadow with exception the I in that cheek okay again rembrandt lighting you're getting more and more dramatic as we add an introduced mohr shadow into our portrait we're going to get a more dramatic look which for this type of a shot isn't necessarily the most flattering thing but still we can diffuse it because this is still a direct light not defused we have pretty sharp shadow edges when we diffuse it a little more flattering but typically it's not used for beauty it's used for drama it's used when you want to show you no more shadows and more edge to an image all right, so I wouldn't use it when you want to like create a very flattering portrait your your subject might be a little angry with you that they kind of look like wise it looks so serious and they won't know what even if they're smiling okay lastly we have split so rembrandt was more angled loop so here we have loop okay, so loop was about right here rembrandt was over here and the split is basically right after the side where were basically splitting the light so it's coming directly from the side where you get the split right down the nose okay, so leaving half the face and shadow and half the face lit up so if you're gonna light it from lissy I want to do this far to switch hands the light is essentially just directly behind well it's not too behind but to the side of their face. So from here to hear now again if rembrandt is to be kind of directional and to create more drama then your split lighting is going to create even more drama okay it's going to leave half the face and shade but it's heavily directional, so it makes it really fantastic for, say, athletic portrait's and so forth. We use a lot of rembrandt and split lighting when we do our athlete portrait, because we want that heavily directional light not only the dramatic. It also draws a lot of definition across their their muscle features and so forth. So these two, I'd say our kind of mohr on the dramatic side and based on what we have here in this in this lighting setup. But if you notice as we go to this sign, we end up with less shadows. Less shadows means less drama, and as we go to this sign, we ended with more shadows, and more shadows means more drama. So those are our five common key light patterns of five primary key light patterns. Let's, go in the next video, and we're going to show you what these key light patterns look like with diffusion, because the change it's actually quite significant between these with direct light, without diffusion and with diffusion and phil.

Class Description

Lighting 101 follows in Photography 101's footsteps. Photography 101 takes students up through Manual Mode mastery and provides a foundation in natural light techniques and modifications. Lighting 101 picks up by teaching all about flash and light modification. But, just like Photography 101, we want Lighting 101 to be the most accessible lighting course available. So we teach you everything about flash lighting, light modification, ambient to flash balance, lighting patterns, off-camera lighting and even multi-point off-camera light setups. But, what makes Lighting 101 truly special is that we do all of this with nothing but your on-camera hot shoe flash. Every image shown and created in this course was created with a DSLR and just a single on-camera hot shoe speed light. 


1Chapter 1 Introduction
2Why Just One On-Camera Flash
35 Reasons to Use Flash
4Common Flash Myths
5What Makes Flash Challenging?
6Chapter 2 Introduction
7Flash-Strobe vs. Ambient-Constant Light
8Flash vs. Ambient Light Exposure
9Flash vs. Ambient Demo
10Flash and Ambient Balancing for Natural Effect
11Flash and Ambient Balancing for Dramatic Effect
12Flash and Ambient Balancing for Creative Effect
13Understanding Flash Duration
14Chapter 3 Introduction
155 Common Key Light Patterns
165 Common Key Light Patterns w/ Diffusion & Fill
175 Common Secondary Light Patterns
183 Primary Subject Patterns
19Light Qualities
20The Inverse Square Law
21Inverse Square Law in Practice
22Corrective White Balance
23Creative White Balance
24Chapter 4 Introduction
25On Board vs. Hot Shoe Flash
26Full Feature vs. Manual Flashes
27TTL vs. Manual Control
28TTL vs. Manual Recycle Times
29Flash Power & Zoom
30HHS vs. ND Filters
31FCS vs. RCS
32Chapter 5 Introduction
334 Tips When You Must Use Direct Flash
34Bare Bulbing Done Right
35Grid Snoot + Direct Flash
36Mini Beauty + Direct Flash
37Ring + Direct Flash
38Understanding Modifiers
39Direct Flash + Shutter Flash
40Chapter 6 Introduction
41Ambient vs. Direct Flash vs. Bounce Flash
42Silver Bounce
43More Light Silver
44Soft White Bounce
45Overhead Bounce
46Overhead Bounce + Fill
47Event Bounce
48Chapter 7 Introduction
49Natural vs. Dramatic Light
50Filling and Refining Existing Light
51Coloring Light for Corrective Effect
52Coloring Light for Creative Effect
53Chapter 8 Introduction
54Case Study 1 - Dramatic Sunset
55Case Study 2 - Desert Sunset
56Case Study 3 - Sinister Headshot
57Case Study 4 - Family Portrait
58Case Study 5 - Athlete Portraits
59Case Study 6 - Working Angles
60Case Study 7 - Drag + Composite
61Case Study 8 - Less is More
62The Good Karma Jar
63Favorite Feature Flashes
64Favorite Manual Flashes
65Favorite On Camera Flash Modifiers