Lighting 101


Lighting 101


Lesson Info

Direct Flash + Shutter Flash

Direct flash and shutter drags this is one of my favorite techniques to use, especially say on a dance floor at a wedding or an event. Anytime you want to capture motion and show action and freeze the subject at the end of it, this is a perfect technique, so you can use it really anywhere in fact, going to show you some really weird places. We've actually used this technique to get a really fun shot. The whole point of this technique is to create a shot that has imperfections that shows motion. It shows all these types of things, and it adds a lot of interest to this image. Now, there's a few different tips that I want to go through, and probably the first one, which actually I forgot the list over here on the left, the first ones to make sure that the primary, the bright light, the primary lighten the scene is actually coming from behind the subject. So if you're on the dance floor, there's a lot of dance for lights, whether you're at a concert, whether you had an event, whatever you'...

re move into position where those dance for lights are behind your subjects. If they're in front of your subjects, what ends up happening is you don't end up freezing them as well because there's a lot of ambient light on their faces you want that ambulance coming from behind because it'll look cool from behind, but not as much so from the front now primary number one is a dialing your shutter speed based on the scene and based on the speed of the action for the dance floor, I would say typically around one tenth tow one fifth of a second is around ideal. Okay, so I'm gonna go ahead and do that right now I'm dialling into one tenth next adjust your after an iso to arrive at the ambient light exposure now, here's what? I mean, turn off your flash and we're gonna do is just take a shot, take a shot of the room and kind of, you know, do the same kind of motion that you would if this were an actual shot, you know, actual motion shop. Now, right now, I just end up with this super bright image and actually don't have ah card in camera. Now let me take the shot again, so this is too bright, so I'm gonna do just adjust my aperture to f too, and I'm gonna just my exposure to say hi, so maybe around four hundred okay, just like get a nice bit of motion in the shot I might even take it a little bit lower than that going around so two hundred run anywhere between if I have to or have to wait usually my eyes those between one hundred four hundred okay that typically give me a good amount of light in the background for a dance floor so what I want is just to get some motion in the background but I don't want to be so brighten over exposed at that point, all I'm going to do is turn on my flash pointed directly my subject I still have my ring flash than you so let me take this guy off that way I can get this to point actually directly at my subjects so I'm gonna point this directly down powered on and I'm going to shoot in tl rimmer if I'm using variable flash and I'm going directly the subject, this will work actually really nicely and it's going to be very light power anyway so I'm not too worried about recycle times I want not just gonna point is directing my subject I can control my zoom again if I wantto pin light one person or if I want to get a group of individuals so usually actually like to use my zoom to around eighty two hundred five millimeters because I like that one individual that I'm focused on economy brighter than everybody else okay, so I'm gonna go eighty millimeters just remember turn on rear curtains sink when we were doing a shutter drag so you wanna have recorded sync on and at this point all you're gonna do is start firing away and adding action to the shot. Okay, so that's, how we have created the flash is going to end up freezing the person and in the motion from the shutter dragline of capturing the motion, the background so the other tips are to shoot a lot of images to make sure that you're getting good expressions and good shots of people and so forth. And then number six is two well, in this shop we didn't have, you know, a lot of stuff going on behind us, so rather than his have her like, go and just dance alone, we actually used a fan to kind of blow the hair around. But if your dance if you're in a group of people obviously had a wedding, you're not going to take a leaf blower onto the dance floor and let g like on everybody that doesn't make sense and plus usually on the dance floor, the wedding or at an event everybody's going crazy anyway, it's not one person against a backdrop, so when you're shooting, I'm gonna show you guys a couple of tips on motion and stuff like that but let's go through these shots real quick and just talk through how each of these shots are created so this very first shot this was basically too test our ambien exposure so what this is is on a hundred million or lens this is that one fifth of a second f four and s a one hundred with no flash this is that ambien exposure this is that same ammunition closure at one fifth f four is a one hundred with direct flash but we haven't added the emotion to it so now it just looks kind of blurry doesn't look good really at all okay? And then with our motion we get this third shot, so this third shot is one for them a second f four is a one hundred direct flash detail, but what we said was the motion was bad it didn't work now that's not because you know it's it's not because we did anything wrong it's just because for this particular shot, the lights and the traveling over the face and what not and so the motion in that shot is not good you're going to get shots where the motion isn't good where the expression isn't good where there's something wrong? So we say shoot a bunch you're going to shoot kind of high speed when you're doing this type of stuff but we just keep shooting and then we get to this so what I'm trying to do once I noticed that the lights were directly behind her face and they're trailing across your face I just got up a little bit higher and I put the lights in the background below her body so when I traveled back and forth now they don't conceal the face we get tons of great expressions general, you just want the lights either above or below the face of that way they're not going across and creating blurs and blocking out they don't have to be looking in the camera for these pretty good shots we did once we've got this set up we had a bunch of people in the studio like I want to do some of the dance for shots I never get a chance at weddings to do that so jack your city matter came in we got this shot with her we're out at the end of a shoot and it was really funny I was like let's get your dance moves on we're actually in a middle of a parking lot we just did the exact same thing in a parking lot this olivia I'm like dance because we just finished another shoot and she just starts dancing with no music my deal kind of weird actually and I start twisting the camera moving and create emotion we get the shot we post this online, we're like celebrate because we just finished our last shoot for lighting one o one outdoors and they were like, that's amazing! How did you do that shot were like, dude, this is the desk for set up, we're gonna show you the dance for senate, but this was actually in a parking lot, so you could make a parking lot looks like a dance floor pretty cool. All right, so let me show you some of emotions that I like to use when I'm doing a twist or when I'm adding motion particular, I'm shooting like events and that kind of stuff one is the twist, so the twist is basically where you're firing, you keep the subject right? The center, and what I'll do is I'll just focus on the subject, and then I general keep the subject right, the center for these type of shots, and once I get the seven focus, I simply twist while firing. Okay, now you can see how quickly we're kind of moving and twisting and firing set like that when you're doing this on a dance floor like, say, at an event. People are kind of surprised by because they're like whoa he's shooting tons of cool images so what I'd like to do is shoot that and then show a group of people who look at awesome this looks and they see these kind of shots and, like, that's wicked awesome, like I had no idea you're doing that and it's one of those wow type effects another great motion. So this motion right here, this is side to side, okay, so once I get a focus on her, I simply go from side to side. Okay? The slower the shutter speed well, the more motion you're gonna pick up, the faster the shutter speed, this less motion going pick up, so if your shutter speeds at one tenth of a second, you've got to move a little quicker, so if I'm not one tenth like I am right now, then to capture motion I really need to be doing this, okay, to be able to get enough motion in that shot. But if I slow it down the one fifth, then well, I'm not the one fifth and then I can kind of go more slow with these. So depending on the speed of the shutter is what's gonna dictate how quickly you're moving the camera, another one of my favorites, we get like a wavy look right here and we actually nailed a lot of these images that look great the way you look is like this so what we're doing is we focus and then we go up and down in a way okay, any emotion you want is fantastic if you have a zoom lens, you can sit there and zoom in and out while you're doing that same type of shot and you'll get a zoom pan type effect which looks great as well just play around with this remember to kind of look at each shot and see how the lights behind the subjects are moving and keep trying until you get these amazingly creative shots that are just blew people's minds when ugo post him that's our land so we can see them as well that's it for this video one quick mentioned as faras processing goes with these types of shots you're gonna have lots of color gonna have lots of things going on. One thing that really helps out is just doing a slight matt approached the processing inside of leg room just with the tone curve that way kind of it kind of reduces the direct flash look and kind of just even it out a little bit leave the colors and leave those kind of things sometimes all de saturated a tiny tiny bit because the inner being really rich but that's it it's very simple to process very simple to get cool and creative shots using the shutter drag plus flash freeze technique.

Class Description

Lighting 101 follows in Photography 101's footsteps. Photography 101 takes students up through Manual Mode mastery and provides a foundation in natural light techniques and modifications. Lighting 101 picks up by teaching all about flash and light modification. But, just like Photography 101, we want Lighting 101 to be the most accessible lighting course available. So we teach you everything about flash lighting, light modification, ambient to flash balance, lighting patterns, off-camera lighting and even multi-point off-camera light setups. But, what makes Lighting 101 truly special is that we do all of this with nothing but your on-camera hot shoe flash. Every image shown and created in this course was created with a DSLR and just a single on-camera hot shoe speed light. 


1Chapter 1 Introduction
2Why Just One On-Camera Flash
35 Reasons to Use Flash
4Common Flash Myths
5What Makes Flash Challenging?
6Chapter 2 Introduction
7Flash-Strobe vs. Ambient-Constant Light
8Flash vs. Ambient Light Exposure
9Flash vs. Ambient Demo
10Flash and Ambient Balancing for Natural Effect
11Flash and Ambient Balancing for Dramatic Effect
12Flash and Ambient Balancing for Creative Effect
13Understanding Flash Duration
14Chapter 3 Introduction
155 Common Key Light Patterns
165 Common Key Light Patterns w/ Diffusion & Fill
175 Common Secondary Light Patterns
183 Primary Subject Patterns
19Light Qualities
20The Inverse Square Law
21Inverse Square Law in Practice
22Corrective White Balance
23Creative White Balance
24Chapter 4 Introduction
25On Board vs. Hot Shoe Flash
26Full Feature vs. Manual Flashes
27TTL vs. Manual Control
28TTL vs. Manual Recycle Times
29Flash Power & Zoom
30HHS vs. ND Filters
31FCS vs. RCS
32Chapter 5 Introduction
334 Tips When You Must Use Direct Flash
34Bare Bulbing Done Right
35Grid Snoot + Direct Flash
36Mini Beauty + Direct Flash
37Ring + Direct Flash
38Understanding Modifiers
39Direct Flash + Shutter Flash
40Chapter 6 Introduction
41Ambient vs. Direct Flash vs. Bounce Flash
42Silver Bounce
43More Light Silver
44Soft White Bounce
45Overhead Bounce
46Overhead Bounce + Fill
47Event Bounce
48Chapter 7 Introduction
49Natural vs. Dramatic Light
50Filling and Refining Existing Light
51Coloring Light for Corrective Effect
52Coloring Light for Creative Effect
53Chapter 8 Introduction
54Case Study 1 - Dramatic Sunset
55Case Study 2 - Desert Sunset
56Case Study 3 - Sinister Headshot
57Case Study 4 - Family Portrait
58Case Study 5 - Athlete Portraits
59Case Study 6 - Working Angles
60Case Study 7 - Drag + Composite
61Case Study 8 - Less is More
62The Good Karma Jar
63Favorite Feature Flashes
64Favorite Manual Flashes
65Favorite On Camera Flash Modifiers