A Detailed Tour of the Library Module
We had a question out there that I wanted to answer, and that is about previews, so previews khun take up a lot of space, so let's, go back to a catalog and let's look at the size difference between this catalog, which is only one point, two megabytes, and then if you look at the catalogue, previews it's actually two point seven megabytes, so it's bigger. The previews are bigger than the catalog and that's, because the catalog is data and the previews is actual photographs. Now, they're not the actual photographs that you shot there just previews of those photographs, so they're much smaller than the original raw photos. But if you build one for one previews, they're pretty big. They're a full size j peg. So what can happen in a catalog is if you get a really large catalog with a lot of images in it, it can get bloated because the previews becomes so very large in scope, you've got so many of them, and they're so large that at one point you just got too many previews. And so actually i...
n the preferences inside of your light room catalog settings, you have the ability to get rid of these so inside the catalog settings in the file handling there's an automatically discard one for one previews after x amount of days. And so if you haven't used the previews for thirty days it will get rid of the one for ones and replace them with minimal previews so that it knows yeah he's not using these anymore I'm just going to replace him back down to smaller ones so that it keeps the light room catalog running quickly so that's ah that's one way you could do it the other way you can do is you can you can manually highlight all your images and go to the library menu and you can go to the previews area and you can discard them on your own so if you decided you know what, these last ten jobs I am not going to be looking at him for a long time and that's my catalogs little slower whatever you can just get rid of all of those one for one previews just just by going to the preview area in the library menu and just discarding him and then later on if you want to rebuild them because now we're going to look at him. So for instance, sometimes I'll get to a point where I know I'm going to be looking at this job you know, next week and so when that happens I'm going to go to that file highlight all the images and I'm going to render them in the same menu area I'm going to render the one for one previews so both places discarding and rendering our right here so okay, so that that was just question that needed to be answered so it has been answered um ok, so let's talk about all of the different items inside of our library menu that we need to know about, um the first thing that we talked a little bit about was the folder area remember that folders are actual locations on your hard drive, their physical locations on your hard drive, anything you do in the folder area if you create a folder if you move a folder if you move images within the folders that all happens on your hard drive. So if I were renamed this folder by right clicking it and renaming it whatever I name this say test two and hits save it renames it on the hard drives so now if I right, click this and I uh show and find her, then you see that the the actual file name has been changed to that. So now it's got test to at the end of it. So it's actually doing whatever I'm doing inside of the folders to the actual folders inside of my hard drive so that's important distinction from something like a collection because the collection is a virtual doesn't really exist doesn't matter how many folders you make inside of this collection area, they don't exist anywhere except for in a virtual light room catalog situation, the purpose of the collections is to be able to find and collect images for various purposes. Collections air much more useful in a like a portfolio situation when you're trying to find stuff for portfolios, but it's also really useful for slide shows or for albums, for that specific client or whatever. So I'm actually going to get out of this catalog that we've been working on, and I'm going to go teo, my most recent catalog. Now, again, I could I could go look in all of these folders and find him, or I could just go to the actual catalog and option click it, and when I do that now, I can look and find the catalog that I've most recently been working on, that I want to work on and hit open and that's just going toe, it gives me the choices. So these these are the photos that I have most recently been working on, and this was a portrait session for a wedding that I did just this weekend, and so there's the portrait session out here on the salt flats in salt lake, and I've done a little bit of selecting on him, and so if I were wanting to create, I'm gonna close the navigators will more space here if I were wanting to create a slide show of some kind I would create a collection and you can see that I've already got a slide show collection created here so if I wanted to make that for you I could go in and filter and the library filters right up top there's a quick fill a filter collection right down here so at the bottom right of of the film strip if you have done some filtering they felt the quick filter shows up and down here you've got flags you consort by flags so if you click on that it just shows your flags or you can just show to star on above so that's the quick filter but these filters on ly exist once you've used them once so a lot of people come into light room and they don't exist they're not even there and they like where did my quote quick filters go you have to actually use a filter and then it will say all he wants to use this filter and start putting it on the quick filter area you can come down here up to the right hand side right about the film strip and there this is where you actually find the filters and start using them in the quick filter area but the best filter areas above the grid in what's called the library filter and if you don't see it the back slash key turns it on and off say that okay, so the backslash key is right above the enter key. I turned it on, and now I'm going to sort by all of my picked images. So these are all the images that I've picked. Now I'm going to further sort them by, say, to start above. So these are all the images that I've picked for a slide show situation. So now I'm going to highlight all of those images hopes? I don't know what just happened there. Okay, so I'm now I'm going to highlight all those images. Oh, I hit command z instead of command a command, a select all commands e un does whatever you just did. Okay, so I just selected all these images and there's several ways that I can then create a collection. I can go to the collection, arian hit plus and create a collection so I can create a regular collection or a smart collection. I'm going to create the collection, and when I do it, I'm gonna say, uh, salt flats, best images, and then I'm going to include the selected photos hit, create and it creates that folder, which is a collection. I can also create smart collections. So if I create a smart collection and I say, I want to find, uh, three star images so I would say rating is equal to or greater than three stars and then I can add other things like say I wanted to look for searchable text that contained salt in a and then hit create and now it looks for onley images that I put the key word salt and they have to be three star and above but notice it's it's its own smart collection you concede scuttles oh like a sprocket they're a little wheel on dh so that denotes that it's smart collection which means that if I went back to my salt flat best images and said well this is also unsalted and I went and clicked on well that has salt on it hold on let's see oh but those aren't ok I see so watch what happens if I in this if I went to the smart images and I highlighted this image and went back to another so if I went in and and remove salt flats from this image so I got rid of that key word now this image no longer exists is that the same image it has must say salt flats somewhere else in here too in the meadow data so somewhere in the meditated saying salt somewhere else too so as long assault exists oh you know I know where it is watch ok, this is what's happening it's in a folder that has salt lake city in it so what we're gonna do is we're gonna double click this and instead of any searchable text, we're going to go to key words contains salt and hit save and boom it just disappeared you see how different any searchable text includes all sorts of things it includes titles, descriptions and folder names, whereas keywords is just key words so we can search by any circuits, trouble text or key words so smart smart collections air very useful mme or so in a portfolio away but also can be useful when you're collecting images. So if you were to create a siri's of folders that we're just one to three stars smart folders, then as you were selecting images as you're going through in selecting images you would see the numbers start to increase and so you could at any point you could look down and see it oh, I have six three star images in this collection so as I'm working on the job so I would go back to the or lonnie wedding and I look and I go well, I like this image and so if I three start that image suddenly this goes up to seven so at any one point during your editing during your cooling process, you could be selecting and say I wonder how many images I'm selected so far look down in a smart collection and it will tell you how many? So you kind of get an idea of where you are in the selection process so smart collections can be very useful in that way as well, just as a counter. So the interesting thing to know about the collections area that's a little different inside of light room for that it wasn't three is that slide shows and books and prince and stuff like that are also considered collections. So if I, if I make a slide show out of these seventeen images or let's, say I make a book out of these and we'll talk about making books on saturday are saturday wednesday, so on third day day three better just started referring to us one, two and three s o on day three, we'll talk about making books, but if I were to make a book by clicking on the book module and do like an automated book or whatever and takes a little while to get to the book module, ok, so I'm going making I just it automatically made a book for me by going to the book module, and if I wanted to save that book I had create, create a saved book and call it, uh book auto test and hits create now notice that there's when I go back to the library module, I've got a smart collection, a regular collection, a book and a slide show, and if I double, click on the slide show its opening me up in the slideshow module to that slideshow I've created and then I could hit play or if I want to go to that book, I can just double click the book and it takes me to the book module, so we'll talk about how to create and use the book module on day three as well as, well, talk about a slideshow module. Okay, so collections not only are virtual folders, but they're also books and slide shows and web and stuff like that. All right, then we have published services and published services are very they're just like a collection, they're they're virtual, they don't really exist, but they can then broadcast to places that do exist. So every time I put something in a published service, then I can then broadcast that to either a hard driver facebook or wherever I want to send them, and those become really places because it's a copy that's being sent there. And so now on facebook, there's a j peg that sitting up there that I sent there via the published service. Okay, so then if I go to the public service and I create a facebook, uh album and I drag something in there it's going to send it to facebook and now facebook when someone comments, it'll come back and it'll rest. The comments will come back to this area here in the commons area so that kind of talk back and forth okay, we'll talk a little bit more about published services later, but I just want you to know that they're there and they exist all right? And of course we have the important export dialog box we talked about the import the export will talk specifically about the export later, but the export is very intricate and difficult. We need to make sure we do it right, and so we'll talk about that down below the library are the grid. You have a bunch of tools. First off you have all your viewing options, you have grid, you have loop, which is one image of the time you have compare, which would compare images one to the other and then you have survey survey is my favorite place to be. I live in the survey mode, the survey mode and we'll talk about selection here in a minute, but the survey mode is the best place for making selections. Then of course, we talked about the quick filter right here on the left hand side, right above the film strip is our one and two monitors so you could do one monitor or you can do to monitors and later on today we'll talk about using a second monitor in the library module and then we'll also talk about using a second monitor in the developed module tomorrow okay um then we're going to go over to the right hand side and we've got all of the develop options so quick develop we've got all of the controls we can actually add our presets here just like we did in the in the import dialog box we can do that here we can adjust things here with buttons rather than sliders we can import our ad keywords we can use suggested keywords so if I'm going tio click on a key word and I start typing in I can get various key words sets so like for instance, if it's a wedding if I click on wedding sets that aiken I know that's a bride so I can click on bride um and then bride will be inside of this key words see how it's so see how it's added bride right here so that was added because I clicked on that by click here I can click on bride and groom and it's ah pre ceremony you know so I can do that that way I can also add them just by typing him in here with commons between him or I can adam here inside of this area this is this is the area that it will take you to let's say I'm working on images and I want to add a keyword really quickly to this set because there is a chair saw hopes sorry in the grid so if I if I click on the ones with the chair in him and I decide I want to add a key word to those if I hit command k it takes me to that entry point on the key word area and then I can type in chair so that only helpful in searching when I say, well, where was that photo of the groom with the chair on the salt flats and I would literally pulled that set of photos. Okay, so the key words are important now the keyword list keyword list is something that you on lee used to alter keywords that already exist. You don't use the keyword list toe actually input keywords key word list is the way of finding key words that you know you need to change or that you spelled wrong or that you want to combine together as one larger keyword. You know, you realize that you keep typing in the wrong key word for this so you can search for key words and find like see, this one has chair on it, but I can also click that arrow to find all of the images that have chair and then I khun alter those to be a different key word or I can right click the keyword and I can edit that keyword tag so this is kind of your if if if you were to have a a photo developed editor of key words this is it it's like the keyword editor of of of light room it helps you to adjust your key words so and I need that a lot because I'm a really bad speller and so I type in like five versions of the same word you know and so then for me it's a matter of keep seeing the misspelling come up and so then I go in and search here and change them a spelling and combine them into the right spelling for the key word so if you're like me and you can't spell this is a very useful tool but usually it stays collapsed because you don't use it all that much and by the way anywhere in light room if you right click a certain panel you can turn off that so I could turn the key word list often it just disappears until I needed again and then I can right click it and bring it back but if you wanted like there's some panels in the developed module and you just don't use them so just turn them off you don't need to see him just save yourself some screen real estate ok metadata area the metadata areas where you do all sorts of cool things, this is where you can search for, uh, different types of information. This is where you put your copyright status. This is where you type in titles and captions. This is also where you can change the captured time for your photos. So if I wanted to change the capture timeto all my photos because I knew that they were off and I think they are off because I was looking at this whole collection set and there too, if I go to the metadata area there three different cameras shooting inside of here, but we've got a limits let's turn off all our sorting options here and then let's uh, go the all key words go the metadata area and we'll just see if we have three camera we actually have four cameras, but three cameras that I care about. And so if I go to this camera that's me if I'd go that camera that's me, but this camera is brian, my assistant. So he's, you know, taking pictures of me and it's off a little bit. So if I look at this his time, the time that he shot this is it six, twenty one and twenty nine seconds p m but as I've been looking at the files, they're a little off and so what I'm going to do is figure out what time would be on and at that point I can alter his photos so what I'm going to do is I'm going to figure out by searching all those cia shift click those and so now I can see all of the photos together but obviously I shot this way before I shot that so I got to figure out what the difference is here so he's on april tenth, six twenty one, twenty nine and I'm going to go here see that's at four, four p m so why why they're off wait, did he hold on? Let's see? So we have to investigate that's he's a day off, okay, that's so that's all I got to change, I don't have change time, I just have to change the date, right? So now what I'm gonna do is just click on the one camera highlight all the images and now I'm going to go to the order to go there is captured time see how there's no capture time there that's because there's there's multiple captured times, so I can't show you so but there's a little button here that looks like a bullet list that button if I click on it, I can go in and change the capture time, so the original time is listed above this is the original, the correct one is the eleventh and I tell it to adjust a specific the adjust to a specified date and time, right? So I'm adjusting him on they're all going to adjust with each other kind so I'm going to hit change all and now all of them have been changed by one day forward and if you change in my thirty seconds it would go one day in thirty seconds or just thirty seconds so that's how you do it usually on a wedding into kiss you look for the kiss and you know, everybody shot kiss at the same time and so then you just say, ok, what time is the kiss on my camera and then put everybody else's kiss at the same and you just highlight that one image that you know the time for highlight all the others for that camera searching for that camera and then change the time on that one can't that one shot and it just all the other one in relationship to how far a went forward or back on that one? So that's how you would alter the time on your images by searching, using the library filter and then using the metadata area down here to change your capture time? Okay, all right, so that's now when we click on this and we say all cameras at the same time now you can see if I sort by captured time that we will have so now we're in the proper area sit down so we're right there together, okay? So now let's go to the comments area we already talked about that calms areas just where people leave comments on facebook or other social media sites it'll pull the comments back, so that is a quick tour of all of the areas inside of light room. Now I want to talk quickly about key wording entering keywords is one of the most important things you can do inside of your workflow on dh there's very easy ways to do it we already talked about typing in key words for images so you could go through and highlight an image and then go up to the key wording area and start typing in key words you could do that but that's a really inefficient way to enter keywords. The first rule of thumb is you only need to enter keywords on images you've selected and I only enter keywords on images that have one star above because those the only images I'm ever going to use keywords in the only images that are going to go to the web they're the only images that are going to go out too vendors and two magazines are things that I think are one star of greater so there's no reason to key word something that's a dud because what? We're going to search for a dud and then put it out there for the world to see now so you really only need to do a smaller number of images. So if you shoot some kind of a thing that has five thousand images, whether it's weddings, portrait's travel, whatever over the course of five thousand images, you probably only have one hundred of them that are one star above or less does not very hard to work on one hundred images. It would be hard to key word five thousand images with any detail, but hundred images very easy. So the first thing that you do is you sort, then by the one star and above once I've got one start above, I've got a limited number of images, so it's much easier to work on, and I'm going to collapse this panel so I can see maur images I can also collapse this panel, all the panels could be collapsed with these little triangles, so I collapsed this panel, I don't need that. I don't need this panel, so I've got more space to work on these images and inside of the tool bar here, I've got the thumbnail size so I can click on the thumbnail size and I can bring it down so I can see most of my images altogether. Then inside of the tool area the first well inside the grid area first thing I do is highlight all the images and I enter any key words that are useful on all the images like mountain salt flat so in this case there's a mountain in every single image I shot here yep. So I can click on here and say mountain there so now all those images have mountain in him so we start globally and of course the first global key wording we do is where on import right? We entered in some key words on import so those were global to the entire shoot. Now I'm just doing sections so I can take an entire section of the shoe and say, well, this entire shoot here was all on dry ground in the salt flats so I could enter that wolf I've already entered in salt flats but this one was all with water and comma lake comma and I know that they were in the lake so let's say bear feet and maybe bare foot he is barefoot one word or two one okay, so bare foot we'll find out because it will give me like a little ok yeah so would yeah there we go bare feet and barefoot so now all of those went in to that section so we first global then we do sections then after we've done sections, then we've got to do the more specific and so in that case, what we're going to do is we're going to click on a spray can tool and we're going to tell it to spray keywords and we're going to enter in groom comma man comma mail because those are the ways that we will search for it. Oh, and by the way, every photo that I have of him here he's also going to be in a tux comma a kilt so when I do that now, I can spray can anywhere I've got a groom that has a tux killed type situation on and soon I'm doing just spraying I'm clicking and dragging across the images and it is spraying anywhere I see the groom and then I'll come down to the keyword section and this time I'm going to say bride female woman comma dress because she's wearing a dress in all of them so now I can go through and look for any place that she is featured cnn I skip over where he's just the guy I want to go back on those on dh skip over and get that one that one that one? That one that one oh I spilled over I over sprayed if I over spray a hold the option key down, it turns to into a racer and whatever's in this box is going to be erased, so I click on it and now it's erased so erased bride female woman dress from there now this one specifically has an umbrella in it so I can click on this one now watch watch the difference if I if I see one while I have the spray can I don't want to have to go and put the spray can away to do something if I click on it here it's going to spray into the image whatever it is I want that watch the cursor change now it's an arrow so soon as you're on the frame of the image it's selecting the image and it's not spraying its information so I can click on any of these frames to highlight a specific image so that then I can hit the command k and type in umbrella and then hit enter and then I can go back to sprain and then I can go oh there's a flag here so I can say command k scottish flag, right? So I can liken change things while I'm spraying. All right, ok, so that's that's that is key wording it doesn't take very long to key word if you're doing global grouping and then spraying and then occasionally as you go, if you see something interesting or funny or whatever then add something extra to it it'll take you fifteen minutes to do one hundred images and then they will be very, very useful to you later you'll be able to find him any day of the week rather than searching for things and hunting and looking around and pulling stuff in, you'll actually be able toe find images like that is the question there are questions about curating before we leave this yes topic melissa ass new teeley utilizing key words when you add a q where does it say that in the metadata, therefore giving your image a greater probability and showing up in image searches on the internet? Or is it simply for cataloguing purposes? And then betty says same thing. In addition, though, if you add keywords in light room, do they show up in bridge or and capture one as well? Or does that only happen when the images of dnd so once you have key words in the light room catalog there still on lee in the light and catalog until you do something with them? If I export the images to a j peg, those key words get embedded into the j peg or into the psd or to the tiff, but as long as they stay raw, the key words on ly exist in the catalog or an ex mp sidecar file, but they're not in the raw photo that's why at the end I create the d n gs because then now my j pegs might psd is my tips and my raw images which are d n gs all have that meditated inside of them so I can find them for my own purposes I confined them everywhere in my system because they all have key words in them so it's first and foremost and this is no this is no small thing it's first and foremost useful for me to find images because if I can't find images I might as well not shoot them there is no point in taking a picture of you can't later find it just get that through your skull right now photography is no of no use to anybody if we can't find the images and present them all right, so the most important thing about key words is being able to find them yourself secondarily is the ability to find them on the web and key words will help people find them on the web because the various sites that you're putting them on can utilize the keywords. Now the the question then is whether or not google is actually cares what's in the key words and no one actually knows what google does except for people at google right so that's very well protected but there's a lot of people around who figure out what google does based on reverse engineering but it changes all the time, so whether or not google actually looks into the j peg to see the keywords is and anybody's gases to how much importance that put but they could. The important thing, though, is when I upload my images to live books, which is my website, they concede that the the key words in the image and they steal him, and then they put them where they think google is using them, so they put them in surrounding text around the photos so that when google looks at say, you search for, do a search on the web right now, those of you out in in internet land do a search for grand canyon wedding, and when you do that, you're going to find my images showing up there and that's, because I have key words that are being pulled from my j pegs into the surrounding text around the photo, and they're coming up, and if you click on it and see you, they're going to take you to my blogged or it's going to take you over to my live book site, because both of those sites are utilizing all the key words. So if you want your images to be found on google and by people, they have tohave keywords, there's other things in there too, not just keywords they also need toe have titles and captions because titles and captions are also things that we're interested in saying so if we have if you have basically keywords titles, captions and surrounding text that all matched the same concepts google will see those as more important than other images so yes it is absolutely useful on the web to find images but more importantly it's useful for you to be able to find him to deliver him so I think that answers that question well so ok any other questions? No more key wording questions okay yes oh yes keyboarding question do you use any type of third party pre key wording file for keywords like just the list of key words that are available in oh like standard keyword guesser I use my own standard t wording but it is important to have a standard and so especially if you have assistance and people working for you that are doing the key wording you better list those out and say these are the key words that you should use the great thing about light room is that once you use them it suggests them and so as you type in bride it will finish the word bride and as you type in mountain it'll finish the word mountain and if you type in scott still it'll say scottsdale, arizona like it knows what you're about to do and so once the keywords air in the cataloging system it was it just knows that they're there and they'll start polling and it'll even it'll even in the key wording suggested area look at this now that we've been key wording a lot when I click on an image doesn't matter what image I click on if I go over here see these look now it's suggesting images that I might want to look at because this image here is in the salt flats right it's in utah it's got a bride and a guy with a kilt on and it knows that at one point I've been key wording barefoot with guys and kills so it light room is assuming that if I have a guy in a killed in the salt flats he's probably barefoot so then when I get here it assumes this guy must be barefoot and look it's saying do you want to use barefoot is one of your key words because it knows that generally speaking this guy always shoots barefoot people and kills you know, I mean like that's what it is it's coming up with that and so once you've got the key words in there and they're active, then then your assistance will just be prompted as to what to do so yeah, but if you have a key word list, remember that light room folder that we talked about if you have multiple systems and you take that folder and you copy it and all your systems now all your systems have your standard keywords in them because those keywords air inside of the system and so now all of your systems will get those suggested keywords coming in because white room can access them rather than rebuilding in each time and that's further reason to use a working catalog where you bring multiple jobs in so that the catalog always stays the same and jobs come into the catalog get worked on and then leave the catalog so that the catalog always keeps those key words in there and it knows what you've been doing in the past even when the job is no longer there all right so one catalog system is really useful because it learns you over time so it's an intelligence system but if you're always opening a new catalog every time you do something it's kind of starting from scratch and then into relearning each time okay all right so enough about key wording let's talk we talked about the library filter and finding stuff but it's important for you to know that there are pre sets for the library cattle are for the library filter so the library filter on the top right hand corner has this custom filter and you can actually create presets for that so rather than constantly doing certain searches you can simply go over here and click on here and choose one of your constant preset so that, you know, if there's always a time where you go, ok, I'm doing the slide show, so I want to look for all the images that are three star that have been flagged and that have a red color on him and that's how you kind of determine what your slide show is going to be. There's no point in you go in and clicking all those things just come over here and click on custom filter and then choose that. For instance, I have a lot a lot of times where I need to find onley the photoshopped images, right? Does that make sense? Like, you know, ok, I've got a bunch of raw images, and I know I did some photo shop on some, but I need to see those. So I have a custom filter that just looks for the photo shopped images, and there is the photo shopped images, and in fact, you'll see that there's one two photoshopped images because one of them is a regular and one of them is a large one because we printed it really large. All right, so so I have to photo shop files in there, but it's very easy to find them. The other thing that you can do is you can either locked or unlocked this filter. So as you're looking for images if you're going to look in various folders for the same search you can lock it so that when you click on a folder you're just going to see the same search all the time if you unlock it then it's not it's not going to be the same search each time so watch I'll show you so I'm in the ortolani wedding here and I search for attributes of three stars like this and then I click over to another portrait session which I did of a family there see how cleared the search so now I'm not looking for three stars anymore but if I again go back to the ortolani wedding and look only for the three stars and lock the filter now when I come over here it can't find it because I was selected anything from this job and so now there's nothing so the lock is important when you're looking for stuff because they go through different folders you go that keeps clearing my search just lock the filter and then it will always keep that until you unlock it it also becomes annoying if you don't know it's locked and you quiet why can't I find anything check the lock okay alright did any questions out there that you're finding that need to be answered? I think we can keep going okay good all right so we're going to now talk about the process of selection and I went over this in a lot of detail in my my work flow class here on creative life, so you can get a lot of detail about that, but I want to go over it because it's important to mention at this stage because this is what we do inside of the library module it's process selection. So when I'm selecting, I told you that I use the survey mode, so I'm in the survey members the n ki ji is grid surveys end, so if I'm selecting a bunch of images, say that set of images and I hit end, I'm going to see them in a survey mode, and if I want to select mohr images, by the way, I like to see my survey or the way I like to select as I like to keep the survey open, I close the top right and left panels, but I open the film strip down here and I make it a smallest possible, so I can just see a set of images see how you can see the general set of images down there, but you can't make anything out. You just see the composition basically, so that allows me to click on one image and then shift click to a set of images that are similar, and now I can choose from all those images. And then once I've done with those images, I click on the next image and shift click to those and now I can choose from those images all right? So the survey motives of the most useful mode for selecting because number one it's not distracting it's very pretty to look at but number two it gives you the biggest possible image for the number of images you're selecting, so I select only three images it gives them to me nice and big like that if I select five or six it's going to keep going until it finally says, oh, I could make a bigger if I went this way instead and so it just keeps moving him around so you can also select some people will select in the comparison mode which is this second one it see so if you hit see now you get a comparison and then the idea behind this mode and I don't advocate it to use but I'm in order to be a fully light room one a one course, we're going to also mention the things that I don't think you should use but in this case you here's your select this is the one you love and this is the other one that could be there and as you use the arrow keys left and right, you move through the images until you see that one is better than that one and once you see that this one is better than this one, you simply move it over from here to their by making it the select. Once you do that now, this becomes your select, and you keep moving through these guys until you find another one that you think is even better. And then you move that one over to your select so it's just a way of comparing, comparing, comparing until you find one and then you move it over and it just keeps getting better and better on the select right but that's a really long way to do something the best way to do it just to select three of them and go to the survey mode and say which one's better oh, that one. And now I'm done it's a very, very much easier solution, and I promised that I would talk about the process of the second monitor. If you have a second monitor u turn on that second monitor and you have it show you on ly one image at a time and let's say it's, a big monitor over here so then I can highlight all of the images that I'm dealing with. See all those images and this would not be in front of them it would be on a second monitor if we were attached to a second monitor and you would see all these images and all I have to do is click on one and then glance to the side and I'll see it in full like its full glory right here I can see that it's sharp I can see the composition I could people see people smiling or whatever and so all I have to do is look at the composition and when I select images I'm looking for first full composition so if I see something that's got poor composition, I don't even look at it not interested in it, so I just keep moving until I find something where I see okay, I like this where the little kid is moving I don't I don't like this one because see how his leg comes in they're onto his head not going to choose that I don't care how cute the kids look not gonna happen it's going to be this one so one of these type have toe work where the kid is separated from the other kids that's what I'm going to choose so that one aiken click on that one because that's the external composition that I have the full competition that I'm interested in then I congrats to the right and see the full picture and now I can our start paying attention to the internal composition. And how do things really work inside there? Are they separated enough? Are they smiling? Are they looking in the right way? How is that image really stacking up? And if I really like it, then I can pick it if I'm concerned, is it sharp? And I can't see because it's not big enough screen, I can always then zoom in to the photo with zeke e, and that will bring me in to look at whether or not they are, where are they? That's a lot of white there see so you can see see how he's running so he's all blurry, and then these kids, they're having there they haven't twinkies, but they're not twinkies because twinkie, you know, I mean, dad, so so they're they're like little fake ones or I don't know what they call in there, little cakes with stuff in them, they don't taste the same, but there's so legendary in, but they are vegetarians. Okay? I actually think there I think this stuff in it is like whipped plastic or something. So it's probably actually not a good idea to eat those types of snacks but all right so anyway use that secondary monitor and that will help you have avoid the issue of well I can't see them big enough so I'm going to go into this comparison mode which is a really time sucking mode it's like comparison mode is literally it's a time warp situation that soon as you enter it you just lose all your time it transports you five hours into the future and you think what did I do with my time? I just lost five hours so uh all right so that is the process of selection in the survey motors where we want to do it but we pay attention to the keystrokes s o that we know how to get back and forth because sometimes we need to go into the zoom we need to zoom in and see if something sharp and then we need to zoom out sometimes we need to see only one picture at a time so like for instance, if we only have one monitor and we're looking at all of these and we want to see the composition on say this shot we can hit the eighty which is for lou and that brings us to one picture we could look at it and see the full composition and then end takes us back to serve a now you gonna remember all those or you can use a a keystroke replicator like this okay, so this this is the shuttle pro too and this is the rpg keys so we've got two different hand module and both of them do a great job so this one is a little more ergonomic. It feels nice to sit on your hand, but it doesn't have as much power as this one does and we'll talk about that this one a lot more tomorrow because it will really utilize its power. But basically the idea is that these keys here replicate the keys here so you can without looking just simply flag something. So if this is the image that we want, then I'll just simply hit flag oh, sorry I'm in the wrong mode. I just rejected it. Uh there so I just hit flag hold on there we go. Okay, so I have two different modes ones in the library among ones in development. So in the library mode when I hit this button here it flags the image and when I had the's button here gives it a two star. And if I want to zoom in on the image I click this button and zooms in and then when I want to zoom back out to hit the same button and then if I want to select the next set of images I simply spin this little thing to the left and it chooses the next set of images so it's just the concept is is to make the process of making your images change and move and pick easier so that you don't have to take your eye off the ball and you can just work on the same thing's true for this that you can see that I've got a next six button zoom button stars and picks and then you also, and the advantage to the rpg keys that this shuttle pro doesn't have is that you can actually then toggle your presets as well so I can click on black and white and turn it to black and white things like that, and we'll really work on this tomorrow because we'll be in the developed module and then you'll really see the power of the rpg keys. But either way, it doesn't really matter which kind of keys you're using, but it's a good idea to have them because there's so many key strokes that you waste time trying to find and click and lots of lots of clicking. And I I always hate doing this and then having to if there's a a three button keystroke and you have to actually take your hand off the mouse and click on shift command option p or something like that, and then suddenly you're just it's like you're typing a thesis paper or something in order to get a picture selected and so keystrokes air really a good idea to have so that's that's a good way to be selecting so when I'm selecting I'm simply clicking on my keys and using them to make the selections I'm not I'm not using my keyboard at all when I'm selecting images okay, so now what about one of the key strokes using for selecting soapy is pick so when I had the peaky I'm going to get a pick so here it's just p and that gives me a pick on the on the image there you pick on the image and then if I hit star one, two, three, four, five gives me one through five stars and then six, seven, eight, nine give me colors and zero gives me zero stars so the colors a lot of people use colors for their picks you know they like red means I like it and blue means I don't or whatever on dh some people don't use the flags, I like to use all three and the reason I like to use all three is this. The pic allows you to separate picks from stars and the colors allow you to separate different items so I can have two star images that are going to vendors because they're too and they're blue blue means they're going to a vendor so I've used the colors for one type of activity like who it's going to for what purpose it's going to be on dh then you stars for how much you like it and then the pick should just be used for whether or not the client sees it that's kind of how I operate pick is whether the client sees it stars how much I like it and in colors is what purpose it will be used for or if I need a warning so for me if I zoom into something and I see that it's soft which this is fine but if I saw that it was soft then I would hit the red key or the six key and that means warning you need to fix this or you need to delete it all right so it's just a warning to me that this is an unacceptable file the way it is if you can't you know polish the turd you've got toe get rid of it on okay thiss might really quick question this seem kind of elementary but a few people were asking and I'm curious as well what your logical processes of starring your images and handing that often assistance how what makes you okay I won't hand I won't hand selection off to an assistant I don't like the idea of me even when an assistant does selection I still have to go in and double check so it's just a waste of time toe have someone else select him I do have my assistant select for their own learning process that's important because they need to learn, but for my own purposes, I don't I can do it fast enough, so I'm going to do my own selection because I'm the one that was there. I know what I was thinking when I shot the images, so I need to be part of that process. The adjustment process can be done as I said, I send my stuff off to shoot out and let them do it because they can do it while I'm doing something else. So that's fine, because they're kind of rules too skin tones and, you know, acceptable black and your rules that could be followed, but not rules for selecting so that's something I think the photographer should do, however, that being said, my general motive operation is this, and I'm just going to talk through this. I immediately click on an image that's the first of a series, and I highlight the next set so that they look similar and then I look for external composition are full composition, and I like, for instance, I like this what's going on here, I zoom in or I look at the secondary monitor depending on what I have and just kind of see what's what's in the photo what's happening now looks pretty fun, so I'll pick it but I didn't have a strong gut reaction like I love that image and so at this point, I haven't really done much and I go to the next set and I'm gonna look for that kind of like that one someone zoom in see that looks pretty good, so we'll pick that one. I still haven't had this huge gut reaction to, like star anything, but now I'm liking what I'm seeing here, mohr I like that the the less vertical, more horizontal, so let's just go and look for him that's of all of these, and the reason that we look at him in comparison in inside of this survey is that we can seem or at the same time so I can look at all of these at the same time and get a feel for which one is best because I'm looking at him in comparison, so I'll zoom into this guy because I think he's better than the other ones and going on here, this is a weird thing and I'm going to teach you something right now and maybe this only happens to me, but I don't think it does and that is occasionally you I can't do something in light room see it, I'm clicking and it's doing nothing it's got a narrow here, I congrats, but here I can't you know what that is it's a latent window that light room thinks is in front of it it thinks some system windows in front of here and it can't so all you have to do is just kind of hide light room and then come back to light room let's say sometimes just doing that no so if I quit light room and then I come back to light room, it'll be fine it's just it thinks that there is a window see it's fine now I don't know why, but it just thinks there's a window there and it won't let you click but there's no window there so we ever see that happen? Just quit start back up and we'll be fine so all right, so I can zoom in just check on him, check on him they look fine and that's kind of cute, so that's, where I'm going to give a one star so it's always a gut response to an image that gives me that one star, so when I'm finished, then what that means is I'll be able to select all the images that I will allow the client to see just by sorting by picks. So then when I'm getting back into the library module and I look for attributes and sort by picks, those are the ones I allow the client to see and then I go in and star now I'm getting into the stuff I'm interested in the stuff that will be valuable to me as an artist or is ah as you know in marketing or whatever so that's where I mean and and so by the time I met three stars that's where I'm going to start you know putting him in a portfolio or putting him on facebook or something like that so from one star is going toe on a wedding on on a wedding at one star would give me about one hundred two hundred twenty images out of the whole wedding and then two stars would give me about fifty three stars give me about ten and so as I do that I can two stars perfect for a slide show one star is perfect for an album three star is perfect for a blogged post see how that works so you just and you'll magically find those numbers so but and we were talking earlier before class that I can look at someone's database and I can tell them who they are based on their database if you send me your light from catalog I can look at it and run the numbers and I can tell you two four stars is where you want to show for a slide shows or I can tell you if you're looking to buy a lens I can tell you which lends you will be happiest with based on your catalog because I can look at the way you're using it and the number of stars you put on images based on what lens you're using and what what body you're using and and whether you're turning that to black and white I could tell you which lenses you prefer in black and white versus color you know and you can you can get a lot of information just out of the fact that the way you use light room starring and selecting and adjusting tells a lot about who you are and how you practice the art of photography so there's a lot inside these catalogs that's actually very very telling about a person so I can't tell you what you eat but I can tell you a lot so all right so that's the methodology of selecting that I use when I'm selecting yeah I think we've covered everything that's good any questions out there okay so first question from old red eye to is there a way to import photos to a folder without it creating a new date every time I'm getting this huge list of dates and I have to open in order to find the individual folders for that date that's annoying isn't it yeah it's the most annoying thing in light room almost I think there are there are many more things that are annoying that so important dialogue box when you import if you do copy as copy or move that there's that this destination area here is what turns that on, and so you click into a sub folder and organized by folder or by date, when you do day it's going to start doing the whole date structure thing and that's where all of a sudden all these dates start popping up and it's by, you know, shooting, you get all these dates and sub like nested folders of dates and made a it's just it's really annoying. And so instead of putting them into sub folders first off, if you just add to the catalogue that won't ever happen, right? So if you do it the way that I suggested, which is, take your images and drag them into the hard drive where they're going to be into the folder where they're actually going to exist, then when you do that, then you can just add, and you won't get that at all. But if you're going to, if you insist on doing a copy, copy a cz dnd or a move, then suddenly this destination part pops up and that's going to always be affected, and so you have to either and just put it into a sub folder instead of by date, do it in tow one folder and then just choose the folder down here. On game your sub folder, whatever you want it to be raw or whatever and then at that point you won't get that anymore, so you're right that's a very annoying thing have a question from l brown four, four, four four heilbronn how do you flag or start a shot and serve a minute when I give rating toe when they're all rated? Another annoying okay, good. Yeah. So if I'm in survey mode right here, if I turn on this, if you if you look down here because there is a quick develop area and so there's such a thing called auto sink, so this little sync button can be turned on to auto sink if you're an auto sink mode and you hit the peak e all of them get picked because anything you do to one gets done to all of them, whereas if you turn off the auto sink now, if you unpick this one, see the other one stay picked so it's just talk going on and off the auto sink. I've actually told them that it makes no sense to ever auto sink picks or stars. If I want to do that, I can go to the grid, the grid always auto sinks anything that you do, so if I slicked if I select three things in the grid and I picked them, they all get picked and I star then they all get starred in the grid, which makes sense because it's a kind of a mass editor it's like, look at all these image that same time, keyword him all at the same time. But when you're in the survey mode, auto sinking picks and stars makes no sense, but they do it that's how they designed it and they literally say, all that's, why we designed it and I say, well, you design it wrong, but so auto single salt cool. Um so jen hundred asked a question that is keyboarding for client names for privacy? Do you remove their names before the export? Or do you use their names? And I'll add to that which is, are there any types of key worrying that you may d'oh within your workflow, that you would then remove before you exporter? Good question. So there's two two ways to deal with that first way is don't key word things that you don't want getting out so that's the first thing the second thing is, if you don't want, like smith in the in there in the key words, you can keep smith as a key word in your raw photos, it doesn't have to be added to the j thanks. So you don't have to remove it, you just have to tell it not to be an exportable a keyword. So if you go to your key word list, where did we way are? You go to the q word list and you decide that you don't want, uh, kilts to be exported as a key word. If you right, click that you can then tell the keyword. So if you edit the keyword tag, you see this it's an export so you the export contains keywords include on so you can tell it not to export these key words. So if you if you if you change the key word, then as is so, you just tell that key where don't be an exportable keyword and then from then on out it won't export to the j peg, but it can stay inside of the the raw for your purposes, but when you export it, j peg, it doesn't export the key word, so you can have keywords that export key words that don't but they but again, if you if you were using multiple catalogs over the place, then you have to keep setting this, but if you use one catalog, people always ask me what I think it's better to use catalog for each, you know, individual wedding it's not really isn't because this catalog learns you, it becomes your friend and then things come in and you work together on the images and then you send him out just make it you're working station and bring the images in and then send them out, and you saw how we important him, right? You simply import thatjob folder, and when you export him, you just simply right click the folder when you've done with the job right, click that folder and exported is its own catalog off to some other drive and then delete this one. Get rid of it now, it's over on that drive and it's its own catalog when it's done, but when you're working on the images and exporting the photos that are going up to pick ties or tow, you know, sending him off to your block, or put it where you're sending him, you do it from the main catalog, because now it knows you, and it knows you don't want kilts to get exported out, or you don't want smith to get exported that so that's, how you do it. The key word can be exportable are not exportable.