Mastering Global Exposure Changes Continued
Clarity is really midtown contrast and I wish it just said mid tone contrast so what what is going to do is it's going to look for the mid tones in your image and where you're meant owns it's these guys right here this middle section of your history graham shadows mid tones highlights highlights are white so if we drag clarity which direction is going to do? What the left side of the clarity bars lighter in color in the right side of the clarity bar in his darker in color if we want to increase contrast in the mid tones were going to drag it to the right if we want a decrease contrast in the mid tones were going to drag it to the left remember what contrast iss it's a lightning and darkening of areas where two pixels of vastly different colors mean or two pixels of vastly different brightness levels me so if we drive the clarity slider to the lift, we're reducing contrast in the midterms and what that does is give you an extreme softening effect which can also be neat and artistic and ...
cool ideas this on portrait sometimes in fact there's a preset that we're going to look at later today when we get into selective adjustment where we're using the adjustments brushed his paint changes on exactly where we want them to be visible on our image there's a preset in light room called skin softening and all it is is lowering clarity so it's reducing contrast in the mid tones for this soft look but it's, good to know what these things do so that you can create your own vision of what your humans should be mad that drag clarity to their right. You can see that we're increasing contrast in the midterm, so now it's like it are before and her after wieners turned on the before and after preview so we can see our changes by pressing why I will tell you that clarity and vibrant or my favorite two testaments in lottery I love these things they're so good rare is the image, unless this portrait that I don't add a little bit of clarity, teo and a little bit of vibrance. So now let's talk about the difference between vibrance and saturation vibrance will intensify colors that aren't already intense, so you think of it as a color pop for colors and are already popping. It also tends to stay away from skin tones, so that's really great. So if you want to make colors pop in an image that's got people in it don't use saturation use vibrant because vibrance is not going to destroy your skin tones typically so as we drag it which direction let's look at the sliders well for this slider, I've got colors on the right and I've got pretty much nothing on the left, actually, it goes to grey and not really black, but just gray. So if we drive that cider should there right, we're going to be intensifying the colors that aren't already super intense. You can see that there was, at least with my eye, it affected this green area less than it did some of the other colors because that's already pretty bright right there, pretty vibrant, it affects it a little bit, but not as much. It tends to favor colors that aren't already highly saturated, so that's vibrant and I usually add a little bit of iris to my pictures that's a great way to make the colors pop so let's double click just the little text label to set that particular slider back to zero and let's, look at a saturation so again, the slider itself is trying to help you figure out which direction you wanna drag it, drag it to the left, you're going to get gray, it would be de saturating your image, which is just a fancy way of saying, taking all the intensity out of the colors and you'll end up with a black and white, but we drive it to the right, we're going to be intensifying. That's what those sliders are trying to tell you so if we drag saturation to the lift we end up with a black and white image I'll be at one with not great contrast but if we dry it to the right we're saturating our colors so you can see the difference between saturation and vibrant I tend to always go for for vibrance I rarely touch saturation so with a little bit of vibrance boost now we can see that we've improved this image a whole heck of a lot the exposure wasn't fantastic to begin with but remember I'm a photo shot girl first photographer second if it's in focus I'm good so here we've got another image let's go ahead and reset that now I'm gonna turn off my before and after there we go so here we are in the basic panel we have our clipping mornings turn on because we press the jakey and immediately I'm seeing blown out highlights so where the sun is right here in this image and this is notorious on sunset pictures then is completely devoid of detail. But if I did nothing else to this image let's say I liked the way it looked I've just got then I would come down here to the white slider and I would simply drive them to the left if that didn't get rid of the clipping morning completely dark inner highlights so as we drag the highlights cider I didn't even have to drag it very far at all so there's that's where it wasjust double click the the text label to set that particular slider back to zero and as I drag to the left my highlight warning disappears so now there is detail in those highlights how much detail do you want? Well that's all subjective but I would adjust the sliders until the highlight warnings are gone the shadow warnings that's going to be up to you what your artistic vision in the photo but the highlight warnings to at least in my humble opinion are a little bit more tragic panic worthy then clipping in shadows and then we could and a little bit of contrast if we want to really make that pop now on an image like this I might take my blacks down just a little bit because if you're dealing with a silhouette you've kind of purposely made those shadows black live you really want to make it black then you can adjust this black slider right here yeah so sunset images do be aware of those clipping wherever the son is okay so now let's go back to another image here there's another one close at my photo jor there there we go so it's quick the reset button and go back to the original press jay to turn my clipping warnings on so immediately, I see I've got no detail in those highlights up there, so I could start by changing my white balance if I wanted teo find a neutral gray somewhere, some of them are more challenging than others. That one looks pretty good, and now I could adjust the temperature to make sure that we still look like we have a sunset going on and then cruise on down the panel. Is the image a little bit too bright is a little bit too dark? Well, I know I've got clipping going on the highlight, right? So you might just adjust the exposure a little bit as I dragged the exposure to the left. I'm darkening the whole image, which is going dark in your highlights, too, so adjust the exposure where the overall image looks good, adjust your contrast and now start trying to fix those highlight warnings. So if we were happy with the color of our highlights or the darkness or lightness of our highlights, then we will go straight to the white slider and then just try to darken them a little bit to try to get rid of the warning. But if we can't do that, then you could adjust, you could darken your highlights a little bit more, so just depends on what you want to end up with with the image, but these sliders, they're going to be able to recover any lost detail, but you're only going to know you're losing detail if you've got those clipping warnings, turn on or if you're watching those triangles up there and then for clarity again, that's going to be contrast in your mid tones, see how? Watch the center part of this history in this area, right here, as I drag clarity to the right that lets you know that it suggesting the mid tones, because it's on ly this area, the history graham really that's changing. And then the funny thing about pictures in hawaii is that you rarely have to pop the color at all. E I mean, if we, I'm not really sure we could tolerate more vibrance in those colors, but if he wanted teo, vibrance is going to stay away from already highly saturated colors already bright, intense colors, and it's also going to stay away from your skin tones saturation is just going to intensify everything across the board with no preference or no protection, no anything. All right, what else are we gonna cover? Let's do a couple more images, and then we're going to talk about applying some of those settings to more than one image again, all right, so here's our image without the clipping warnings turned on turn on the clipping warnings, and I can see that all the shadows in my image are being pushed or clipped to pure black. I don't care because that was purposeful. All right, so let's reset this one back, tio normals that's the original exposure and we could make a white balance change if we want to, you know, put my tools away that one looks pretty good right there. All right, now, let's warm it up just a little bit, so we're backto actual sunset conditions the exposure in this one, I'd like to brighten it just a touch and as soon as I touched that exposure than my highlight clipping morning turned on and I see just the tiny, bitter rid you can see it in that loop view in the yellow channel. So now I can come here in a just contrast if I'd like and if I want to darken my highlights weaken dragged that to the lift. I wanna lighten my highlights tried that to the right and if I wanted open at my shadows, enlighten them. Aiken drag that to the right cia all that shadow area now looks like I had a flash turned on and it looks awful the big problem with opening up your shadows a lot is you'll introduce noise but we'll look at howto tone down that noise here right after this image. So for this particular image, I really wanted that to be solid black, so I'm going to drag my shadow slider to the left, a touch, turn off the clipping warning, and then I might even drag my black slider to the lift just too dark in my black steve and more and make them more rich, and to me, that is more the image that I wanted to capture them, what the exposure really was, so we can look at the before and after, but again, it's all slider based, and you've got that bagel nice, friendly, soft and happy reset button right there because you khun remember that in light room, we're dealing with a record of all your changes a text to record that's pointing back to the original photo never does light room touch the original photo so you can do this kind of artistic adjustment and be assured that you can always get back to the original let's say, if you printed this and you're like, I don't know what I was thinking, you could just get right back to that original adjustment, so this one we might add a little bit of clarity. Certainly don't need at any vibrance. And this one, I would be tempted if I go back to just the regular view. I might be tempted if I if I was going to print this image and I knew that my printer, uh, might not be ableto handle these areas that quite that vibrancy than you might even want to go down on vibrancy. Because sometimes when you take a picture of areas like this, especially in the island, you can end up with stuff that's just off the scale, intense and bright. And you may need to even back off of it a little bit instead of adding tio. So just be aware of that. Okay, now, it's like it. An image I'm gonna skip around here just a little bit. So here's our before and after on that one ik now, this one. If we look down here at my photo strip, you can see that I've got five images at the same exposure down here. So same positioning, same zoom level, same lighting, same everything. So this would be a great opportunity for me, tio, fix one and then apply those settings to the other images to save time. So let this take me back to the main view with the waikiki let's reset to get back to that awful color cast in course we're going to start out with white balance so we're going to come over here and try to find initial gray that's actually not too bad but notice what happens when I click it what does that really mean? That means that that was the color of light when I take the shot it really was yellow like that so now I'm going to do a custom white balance teo fix that color cast so I can come over here to my temperature slider and as I drag it to the left that's more the color that I want but the lighting was not like that when I took the shot so you see how powerful white balance is now we can come down here to exposure has exposure looking to me do I need to brighten it up don't ing the darkened it a little bit actually it looks pretty good to me at a little bit of contrast and again that's overall contrast come down to the highlights slider dough I like the way my highlights look was turned on the clipping warnings see if I've got any clipping I don't I don't think I do in the highlights but I've got a little bit of clipping going on in the shadows so if you're like your highlights leave those alone if you want to open up your shadows a little bit you can grab the shadow slider or the black slider to make a more fine tuned adjustment and let's say, we like the way this looks clarity. I'm going to stay away from clarity on this one because we're dealing with a portrait now with the adjustments fresh that we're going to get into after we come back from lunch, we can paint on clarity adjustments in certain areas, so if I wanted clarity in this image, I could just paint all the way around the image and not on his face, or I could go ahead and make a clarity adjustment right here and just know that before I'm finished, I'm going to go in with the adjustments brush, and I'm gonna reduce clarity just on the skin part soften the skin a little bit, but I always do global adjustments first in selective intestines later on. So global is anything that you're doing to the whole photo and selected would be things that you only want to appear in certain areas, and then do we want to do any vibrant? So we're going to go for vibrant sor saturation? Well, we know that vibrance is going to try its level best tio not mess up skin tones, so since I've got skin in my picture, if I wanted to make the colors pop a little bit more than I might drag vibrance to the right just a little bit so now let's take a peek at our before and after I always take a pig with the before and after because you want to see how far you've come because it's really easy just because it's so much fun dragging these sliders around and you're looking at your beautiful imagery and what's happier than that right? So you could spend forty five minutes in this panel and not really need teo thought always check here before and after now we know that we've got several images that are in the same set shot under the same conditions, so there are several different ways that you can apply those changes. What we can do is we can do it with the keyboard shortcut, which would be just copying settings from one photo then selecting another photo and pasting those settings so that's one way to do it so we can look at doing that so just a quick peek down in my film strip down here actually I'm gonna leave it I'm going to leave it turn on for the moment so we can see that I have one image here selected we know it's selected because it's light around the background of the thumbnail so at this point I can coffee my settings in the keyboard shortcut for that is skips a hobby command option okay shift command see will copy the settings and light rooms going toe double check with you and say hey which settings which ones do you want me to copy here? Well it remembers what we had turned on the last time so we could say those air actually find to leave on because those were the ones we talked about being good for just general overall you should do this to every picture kind of thing but what ought to be changed in this photo we change the white balance and we changed the basic panel so if you click this basic tone check box right here that captures everything we did in the basic panel but it doesn't capture white balance I cannot tell you how many times when I first started learning to use light room that I would come in here and copy the settings I would say oh yeah everything the basic panel and then I'd pace it to another photo and I still have a nasty color cast like what is going on that's what's going on right there so if you've made a change to white balance to be sure to turn that on so now we can uh and I also changed clarity copy go to the other photo or photos if you select all of them and paste so we've all been copy and paste keeper shortcuts all our lives right in microsoft word and someone and so forth so commander control c to copy commander control vida paste to paste this copy of pace of settings and lightning you just add the shift key so it's not too hard to remember so I can press shift command v and they really should have all changed one of them changed apparently quite room wants you to use that particular command on individual images so as I'm selecting individual images impressing shift command v I'm applying those settings to those photos alright slip undo a few steps and we're going back to those originals now so we're just stepping back in the history pain will really okay we'll call that good okay, so here we are back in our image that we originally changed now we can use another keyboard shortcut that will allow us to skip that whole which setting is do you want to copy dialogue but I typically don't use that because I just want to double check what settings I'm about to copy and paste so if you want to bypass that uh dialog box this is really just gonna be a paste settings from previous active photo so there's a previous active photo clicks the next one and this keyboard shortcut would be command option v and discos and looks at what you changed on the previously selected photo and applies it to the currently selected photo any questions on that part? Yeah, since I'm a dentist lisa after squish you those attributes did you change to whiten his teeth we haven't done that yet. Great questions coming out. We're going to do that when we come back from lunch, and we're going to do that with the adjustments brush. So the adjustments brush just to give you a little bit of a teaser, let me close my history, and here the adjustments brush. When you click to activate it, look at all the controls. We've got, nearly everything we had over there in the basic panel, but it's only going to be applied to the areas that we brush across, so teeth whitening in this situation would really be a an exposure change and saturation change, and, happily enough, there's. A slew of pre cess with the adjustments brush, and one of them is teeth whitening.