Retouching with the Clone Stamp
in this image, unlike an organic scene of nature, there's a very specific background that's here, and it's got a grid of these kind of tiles in the background and over on the left side is a sign that suggesting you take a photo here. So I followed directions and took a photo there. But I'd rather not have the sign there. Well, if in this case it doesn't a copy from the exact right location, then those grout lines will end up becoming broken, and therefore we might not be able to use the spot healing brush. Let's give it a chance, though. Go all the way around that shadow that's there. Yes. You see how we now have broken grout lines and the wood floor now extends up in a way that it shouldn't. So I'm gonna choose, undo, And let's tackle this with other tools. I'm gonna now switch to the clone stamp tool. And remember, before I mentioned I usually work on an empty layer with mice. Will start that now, so create my empty layer by clicking on the new layer icon, the bottom of my layers pan...
el. I'm going to make sure that this tool is set to work on not just the current layer up here. There's a choice called Sample. I'm gonna set it to current and below. Now I'm in the clone stamp tool. That's this tool right here. If you don't see that tool directly below the paint brush tool, click and hold on that slot because there's two versions of it. You want to be in the top of the two now, with that tool, it's the most manual tool available. All it does is copy from one area. Imply it somewhere else. So this is the tool I don't want to be using every day because it would make me make sure that one area I'm copying from is the right brightness to match another. Is it the right color to match another? Is the edge of my brush soft enough to get her to blend in? I have to think about all those kinds of things. Um, so we'll use a combination of that and other tools. So in this case, what I want to do is just extend the wooden floor because I think it's gonna have difficulties figuring out what needs to be done there I'm going to start by going over here a little bit to the right. I might go to where one of the seems are on the floor and see right where it joins the wall. That's here. Option Click there. That's all clicking and windows, and you do that to indicate where you want to copy from. So when I option click, I just told it that that's where I'd like to copy. And then you move somewhere else and you get a preview right inside your brush of what you're about to apply. And therefore, when I get over to here, I can move up and down to see if the horizontal line that's inside my brush lines up with the bottom of that wall. And if it does, I can click and then dragged to apply this. But when I do this, there is no attempt whatsoever for it to match the brightness of my surroundings. It's just blatantly copying what over towards the right. Then you can see where it's copying from. There's little plus sign that's there. It's moving along with my mouse, and if I get up too high, I'll eventually hit that leaf. Graphic and it's going to start putting it in here like it is right now because the crosshairs right on top of it. But you notice the down here. It's a little bit too bright. That's because we were copying from over here, which is closer to a light source applying it over here where we're further away. Well, what can I do about it If it's sitting on its own layer, I can always adjust the contents of that particular layer. I can come in here and use any adjustment that I'm comfortable with. Since this particular lessons not about adjustments, I'll just use brightness and contrast because it has a brightness slider. And so I could move this down and see if I can get that to be approximately the right brightness for this area. If I'm only looking at the floor down there, I might be able to get it a little bit darker. Otherwise, I'm gonna need a more sophisticated adjustment, which would be something like curves or copy from an area closer that would end up not being quite so bright, which is I think, what I'm gonna do. I'll copy from about right in here put that in. All right, Now I need to you know, I got some good material over here on the edge. I need to extend it up here, and then we need to get rid of the rest of the sign. So I'm gonna try to decide where I'd like to copy from This has got a shadow on it, so I don't think it's gonna be appropriate area, but I need a connection of both a horizontal and vertical grout line in order to fill this area. Looking for the closest one over here. I'm really close to a light source, so that doesn't quite look the way it should. But I think this grout line might be appropriate. I'm gonna go over their option. Click right where those two grout lines intersect. I'll come up here, try to get them to line up, if at all possible, click and then his drag over towards the edge. I'm just trying to get it. So we have good material all the way to the edge of the photograph. Now, I'm gonna break this up so that it's not quite as tall, because if I end up using something with the word healing attached. I needed pain over the entirety of the area that needs to be removed. But if I can break it up into smaller chunks, then it will be easier to work. So I'm just gonna break through here a little bit. I can copy from somewhere over in this area where I have a ground line option click. Bring it over here and just try to fill it in. I'm gonna end up replacing that area in the end, so it's not gonna be absolutely critical if it perfectly matches. Now you can see when I use something like the clone stamp tool, it's not attempting to match the brightness. This looks to be a little bit too bright. I can always choose, undo and create a brand new empty layer. Then put my retouching on that layer because then if it's too bright, I can adjust it. You can use any adjustment you're comfortable with. My favorite is curves. We have a separate lesson on that topic. So for now I'm just going toe, get in there and attempt to adjust this. I just want to make sure it's working somewhere around there. Click on OK, But if I do it on multiple layers like this, I cannot end up with a bunch of layers. If I think it becomes the proper brightness and I like what I have, then set a simple of high things by just choosing merge down. But what I want to do is make sure that the tool I'm using is gonna handle the blending for me, so I don't have to make adjustments like that.