Skip to main content

Photography 101

Lesson 4 of 55

How to Adjust Shutter Speed, Aperture, ISO

SLR Lounge, Pye Jirsa

Photography 101

SLR Lounge, Pye Jirsa

Starting under


Get access to this class +2000 more taught by the world's top experts

  • 24/7 access via desktop, mobile, or TV
  • New classes added every month
  • Download lessons for offline viewing
  • Exclusive content for subscribers

Lesson Info

4. How to Adjust Shutter Speed, Aperture, ISO


Class Trailer
1 Introduction 03:17 2 The Camera is Simply a Tool 06:24 3 How Does a Camera Work? 12:07 4 How to Adjust Shutter Speed, Aperture, ISO 07:22 5 Exposure Triangle 13:53 6 What is a Stop of Light 07:06 7 Reading Exposure Via the Histogram 11:59 8 Blown Highlights or Clipped Details 04:18
9 White Balance & Color Temperature 23:24 10 No Such Thing as the Correct Exposure 06:13 11 How To Measure or Meter Light 06:41 12 8 Key Points to Understanding ISO and Image Quality 15:59 13 Understanding the 3 Primary Metering Methods 12:18 14 How to Get Perfect Exposures in One Shot 06:49 15 Equivalent Exposure but Different Images 03:49 16 Compensating for Light and Dark Scenes 06:14 17 Starting with Automated Modes 02:19 18 Auto Mode and Flash-Off Mode 09:33 19 Portrait Mode on a Fashion Shoot 08:45 20 Landscape Mode on the Beach 08:18 21 Sports or Action Mode 12:09 22 Macro Mode with Food Photography 10:10 23 Creative Effects Mode - Floral Photography 08:52 24 In-Camera Processing 06:01 25 A Glimpse into RAW Processing 12:55 26 15 Tips When You’re Having Trouble Focusing 15:18 27 3 Primary Types of Autofocus 03:42 28 Single Shot with Portrait Session 04:05 29 Single Shot with Action Shots 02:06 30 AI Servo with Action Shots 06:14 31 Focus Recomposing vs. AF Point Selection 05:41 32 Shutter Speed and the Reciprocal Rule 06:50 33 How to Hold a Camera and Panning Tutorial 11:07 34 What Makes a Great Photograph? 05:07 35 How to Capture Candid Moments 07:08 36 How to Find the Right Light Direction 11:40 37 5 Basic Compositional Theories 11:17 38 The Power of Cropping 10:22 39 Color Schemes 04:43 40 Diving into the Narrative 12:38 41 If It’s Not Working With, It’s Probably Working Against 01:56 42 More About Your Camera and Lenses 01:20 43 Understanding Megapixels 09:15 44 Crop vs. Full Frame Cameras 06:01 45 Crop vs. Full Frame Cameras Demonstration 04:55 46 Prime vs. Zoom Lens 06:57 47 How the Lens Affects Composition 08:54 48 Dynamic Range and RAW vs. JPEG 09:22 49 5 Tips on Memory Cards 07:06 50 10 Tips on Buying Gear 11:35 51 Conclusion 03:43 52 The Good Karma Jar 01:41 53 Posing and Action Shots with Female Model 12:39 54 Posing and Lighting with Female Model 01:31 55 Posing and Lighting Couples Portraits 06:00

Lesson Info

How to Adjust Shutter Speed, Aperture, ISO

All right so in this video we want to go through and actually show everybody how to adjust our shutter speed are aperture are aiso on a few different cameras okay and also how to do a couple of their basic things like switcher lenses and so forth basically how to adjust the exposure triangle right let's get started okay so I'm gonna grab my nikon here oh have cannon and we'll play nicely we'll play nice play fair now I'm actually more used to shooting on canada's that's why typically shoot on but let's go out and put him on I want already oh well look at you yeah well special okay let's get into manual mode m which does not stand for master mode right I've got that dial I got my down line two it's em online as well rumor that we're getting a name manuel because if you're in any of the assisted modes well we can only control certain functions for an after priority all we get is the appetite foreign shutter priority all we get is the shutter if we're in programmed we get esso and certain...

things but again we want to be in manual to have full control over everything all right so let's go ahead and start from the top with shutter speed shelly wait let's show them really quick how to take these lenses off let's do it okay I always get okay okay so cannon I've got a little button that can release and then I turn is this clockwise clockwise? No, it's kind of clockwise. Just kidding. It's reversed on okay, so on my night kind of have the same button, but then I would turn to the left, all right? And then same thing when I put it on, you don't need to press the button. You just line up the little white dot, have white dots on these clothes. You just line them up to this side and then pop it on twist until you hear that snapping lock sound often times when you have the lens on your camera if you get kind of weird malfunctions, have you seen that? Yes, it's, because the lens isn't sitting properly on your camera, so you probably just have to reset, maybe dust off a few of the sensors. Yeah, or something that doesn't click in all the way like something clicking in which is dangerous, it can actually fall off. So if there's ever a lens issue where it's not focusing or something that's, just check to make sure it snapped in and everything's in place. Okay, so now let's, move on to ready, okay, shutter speed on my nikon I'm gonna go ahead and flip on the live you so you guys can see this I just turned around for you. So with my shutter speed, I'm gonna control my shutter speed with this back dial right here. So as I go to the right, well, didn't just turn off. It just turned off. Okay, there we go as I go to the right, you're going to see the shutter speed increasing in speed as I go the left, it is decreasing in speed. Okay, so that is adjusting shutter speed and I have the dial up top over by my shutter release and again now shutter speed is measurements of time, right? So you'll see a fraction so one eight hundreds is pretty fast and then I can go the other way toe slowing it down to maybe a fifth of a second somewhere there one quick note. Generally these functions are going to move as default at about a third of a stop. You can actually change in the menu based on the advanced menus. It allowed you to change how you want these adjustments to move. If you want it in increments of a third or a half or so forth, I just keep it default. I like having more options basically. So the aperture is the same way let's go ahead and speaking of amateur, look, move on the capture so after right now this on this lens I have the thirty five millimeter one point eight so the widest taken get is one point eight currently it's set to f to sew at two point oh what I could do on my nikon is I have little button right at the top right here and it's kind of hard to see but there's a little amateur icon there what have to do is hold this button down and while it's being held down that's when I can adjust my actors I'm gonna hold out my right hand on well to suggest the left so if I go to the left side and goes on wider so this is one point eight that's the widest go and as I go to the right it stops down and gets smaller and smaller and it gives me this nice little graphical display as it shows my after closing down letting less light in all right let's see it on the cannon I mine has the same icon however might also says avion it for aperture so if I press that down hoofs hold on let's turn mine on here we go if I press mine down as I turn the dial yes asai hold that button down and I turned my diallo you'll see and actually we're looking for the f number okay that's your aperture um it'll change my aperture just like it does on yours perfect okay so let's go on to so now now so it's gonna be a little different these air basic entry level cameras and so there's less dials on them one of the reasons to get more advanced cameras tohave mohr dials more functionality which makes it quicker to adjust things rather than holding multiple buttons down we're just adjusting you know with an individual but but for this camera to adjust my s o what I would do I think probably the easiest way to get there is just to hit I and I'm going to bring my little d pad over to the I s o sensitivity and I can adjust up and down so to go to two hundred eyes so I can go toe one third increments as well yeah all right so I can go down and pick any and it gives me a nice little picture next to it that really doesn't tell me much okay brian is cooler than yours because I mean I also haven't s o button and I can do my adjustments that way but on mine with c hold on I can pick the iso on my job touch pence yeah and then I can move my choices around if I wanted teo you've even touching your finger I can okay so that's it for the basics now let's go ahead I'm going to show you guys and advanced well this is an advanced mirror lists cameras so this is one of those cameras that again this is the sony a seven aren't gives you more functionality makes things a little bit quicker to access so for my shutter speed I have a dial right here in the back it's a thumb dial that will adjust shutter speed so let me just go in flip this you guys can see is I go up and down it adjust my shutters also I have a dial right at the top this is going to adjust my aperture up and down okay, yeah and I also have this doll in the back and this will adjust my eyes so up and down so it makes it very, very quick to basically move from these different functions are finding mark threes there the same way the more advanced the camera that mohr that kind of make these functioned accessible to you but with a basic dslr they're trying to kind of keep things simple keep the buttons rather to kind of ah minimalistic approach though it doesn't look so well overwhelming overwhelming when you first that's a thing right all three different cameras they all have an adjustment I kind button dialled for aperture shutter speed and I s oh yeah sometimes it might be a different location sometimes you might have jumped into a menu to act a certain things but they are there okay, so that's it be sure at this point, if you don't know how to adjust it on your camera, if you have, say, a point shoot, that isn't like what we just showed, or if you have a different model, that isn't what we showed. Well, just go ahead, pick up your manual and just check out how to adjust your after your shutter speed, and you're so manually in your camera that we guys know going forward. All right, so that's it for this video, you guys radio well, I'm ready. Let's, go. I think they're ready.

Class Description

Learn how to create, edit, and share stunning digital images.

To a photography beginner, the gleaming complexity of a new camera seems to demand an arsenal of expensive equipment and a long legacy of training. This is a common misconception – beautiful, professional-grade shots are within reach to any with a mastery of the basic mechanics of photography.

Join Pye Jirsa of SLR Lounge for a thorough, practical exploration of the fundamentals. Photography 101 teaches you how to use standard, inexpensive equipment to:

  • Explore the inner mechanical workings of your camera
  • Learn how to recognize good light and modify it to your needs
  • Make the elements of manual mode - aperture, shutter speed and ISO - work for you
Take advantage of the flexibility and control offered by your camera’s manual mode by shadowing Pye on 5 days of shooting at 8 different locations. You’ll learn how to capture both crisp action shots of moving subjects and classic portraiture with posed models. You’ll also gain a sense of what makes a great photograph, and how to mix professional staging with candid, humanizing moments.

You will walk away from Photography 101 with SLR Lounge's Pye Jirsa as a better photographer, and you’ll have the creative and practical skills to create, edit, and share stunning digital images; all with no more gear than you started with. 



I watched this class "live" and was simply amazed at the amount of information Pye covered. Yes, he talks a little fast, and since I was streaming the class I couldn't stop it to review anything, but this guy really knows his stuff and explains it very well so I absorbed quite a bit. Bye is enthusiastic, clearly enjoys his craft, and delivers excellent information to students in a light heartedI and fun way. I think some reviewers are a bit harsh about his humor. Lighten up, people! His examples and the additional information his co-host provides are very worthwhile and you can tell the course was well thought out. I plan to buy the class to help me get back into DSLR photography.


I really enjoyed this class. I am not a beginner, but there were still things I learned here that I found helpful. I really enjoy learning from Pye. He is quick, gets to the point and doesn't spend a lot of time going over and over the same point. There is a wide variety of things that he covers, so really something for everyone. I would recommend purchasing this class if you want to understand your camera better, improve your technique and start taking better photos.

Joy Bobrink

I have tried to learn photography myself via the internet / YouTube but always felt like I was missing something in my foundation. Sure I can zero out my meter...but why? How do I know the settings I've selected are the correct ones? I've been circling this drain for a year until this course. WOW! Pye has SO MUCH information in every video. He doesn't just stand in a classroom and talk, he's out in the field actually putting his settings into his camera, talking about why and why not and then shooting. He's hands on the entire course. You don't just hear him, you see exactly what he's doing! I'm a visual / listening learner and this is my eureka moment! Thank you Pye! Watching the Exposure video and how you changed the settings yet maintained the exact same exposure was mind blowing. Awesome course! I would recommend this to anyone new to photography or anyone that feels like they don't have all the info.