Photography 101


Photography 101


Lesson Info

The Power of Cropping

In this video, I want to talk about cropping now cropping is another one of our forces that go into our artistry component, but here's the thing. Why are we including cropping over with the compositional kind of discussion? Aren't they one in the same? Well, here's, my perspective on it is that cropping is really different from composition and that's. Why I've made them to different things when I crop it's really more for the overall story, it's. What I want to include in an image what I don't want to include it's. Basically this story that I want to be telling, however, an image that is cropped a certain wait, it's still going tohave a certain composition, and just because I'm cropping doesn't mean I don't have a composition. I would choose still the compositional theory or with a combination that I like most for that particular image. That helps me to tell and basically to sell that story. But the crop is really what we're deciding to choose within a frame and to give you an example ...

of that, we've set up a nice little picnic scene here and for our picnic scene, we're gonna have our lovely couple coming in just a moment. I'm going to show you how basically by cropping on this different scene, we can tell a whole number of stories we can crop to show the entire scene, we can crop to show just little details, we can crop to basically show anything, and it really is going to help us overall in our final product, especially if it's going to an album or a website or a magazine spread if we have these different crops and each one kind of tells a different story or a different part of our overall scene, we'll have a much stronger product in the end. Okay, so let's get started, we're gonna bring in our couple and we're going to set him up, by the way, as far as our lighting again, we've set this up to be against the sunlight, keeping christian, won't you guys come in here while I'm talking? We're going to basically have them right here and they're going to backlit, but we do have a nice feel like coming in from the front so it should look really nice if we need to we can add another silver side to kind of do a little bit extra feel light and so forth, but we'll just kind of adjust and do that in the scene once we get this set up, so guys wanted to come in and have a seat and I'm thinking we have keith on the side of the champagne and christine on the shot side of the pillows, okay, so we've got them in position let's talk about what we've done here now I thought it would look kind of cool we came across this scene, we had a great back life set up, we have these beautiful trees in this branch right here on the right side doesn't really nice to have actually framing them, and I thought it looked nice and unique it's different from, well, a standard or typical picnic scene who might do in the grass on the beach or something. So I added a little bit of flavor, but kind of doing it on these rocks don't you think so they're disagreeing with me just really they don't they're like we're good, but I just do your thing, okay, so what we have is we have some flowers, arrears and pillows these pillows are just I said pillows funny but these pillows they're just accent colors okay? So we're using yellow accent colors because again are seen well it's all green it's all kind of this nice yellow leaves in the background and if you even look at their dress and their clothing we have kind of hints of yellow everywhere so these are the tones were going for yellows and greens and ten these air all analogous colors again we're going for that kind of harmonious look in this scene also the wife, the whites on his clothing, the greys ah white in the flowers again these are all analogous colors of the scene everything's going kind of tie together is going to come up with a really nice overall image. What we're going to doing here is we're going do a few different shots were going to do some will not shot like drinks we're going to take sips of our champagne and we're going to take a few different photos so what we're going to do is focus in on different areas so for example, well, I'm going to go ahead and dial in my exposure first I'm set up right now in a thirty five millimeter I'm actually going to switch this out teo switch out the fifty first and we're going to do a couple close up detail shots, get our exposure right and everything with the fifty and will come back to this okay, so I've got my fifty one point eight on I'm going to go ahead and just dialing and exposure, so I'm going to switch over to my spot, me two real quick, and we're just going to our same little tricks here. I had to bring up their little guide, me tearing, we're gonna go to spot and that's perfect. Okay, I'm gonna bring it up right over her face. I'm going to meet her for her and just go right underneath her eye. I'm going to get in really tight. Sorry, but here I'm getting like, this is like creepy lee close, but the closer I get, the better it's gonna meet her because I just want her to just two meter the skin on lee. Ok, so the camera to meet her this skin. So right around one, one sixteen of a second. So right around one one sixty this second I'm going to go down to f too, and then we're going to go up tio I so two hundred so let's, go ahead and just bring this over to two hundred let's, take a quick shot, just a double check and it looks pretty solid it might be a tiny bit on the dark side, so what I might do, ah every time I say dark side I feel like I'm talking about star wars might be a little bit in the dark no not star wars like exposure okay, so let me back up I'm just going to check out the overall scene I'm going to drop this to one one hundred at least until we're ready to start doing mohr candid type shots we're going to canon shots I do need to speed it up but for right now let me just get a quick look at one, one hundred because I do want to be a little bit on the brighter side so I'm going to bring it up to maybe let's go backto one two hundredth and to see if let's see artist a graham looks and actually I won two hundred second it looks a tiny bit dark on the display but in the history of it looks totally fine. This is exactly why I say to make sure that you're using the history because this is one of situations where I would kind of want to go a little on the brighter side and blowing things out ok so where I want to want to have to we're going to shoot at f s o two hundred what to do first is going to start out with some of these details so let's do this let's go get in close on these strawberries and kind of on the flowers these air, those set up shots there, the shots that are going to kind of tell the overall story and and let me have you kind of bringing a hand over like you're gonna pluck a strawberry. Okay, so just kind of bring the hand in. Yeah, actually grab one. Perfect that's. Great. And then I'm gonna go into this side. We're gonna get a little shot of our lowers. Perfect. Okay, so olivia won't have you bring that in. I want to see what it looks like. If we just bounce a little bit of light, you have to stay outside the frame. So stay over on this side, but bring it all the way up, and I think we can catch a little bit of light from the scene and just reflect right into them. Okay? So go there. There. Okay. Perfect. That's. Great. That's. A nice little differ right there that that little kick or that little fill of light is going to really kind of help make the scene that much more, much more. Better that much more better. Guys. That's how it's gonna be all right, we're gonna do is take a couple of scenes shots here, so let's, go ahead and I'm going to crop so that we get the bottoms of their feet. So this is a completely different crop than those close up shots as you guys can see again, we're telling the story of him them being in this little scene together I want you guys to look towards each other now perfect I'm going to switch to go kind of with a little side composition so we're going to shoot with them on the left third love it interact with each other a little bit guys just kind of there you go perfect well give me a little bit of playing around little joking around okay, I'm going to get a little bit low we're gonna shoot for these big nice trees in the background guys look at each other again kind of there you go perfect in the moment now we're gonna do is we're going to switch on to I'm going to go for an eighty five I'm gonna crop a little tighter with that last shot we're going to going for a negative space now negative space doesn't necessarily have to be just open space negative space can refer to just basically open side of the frame or it can be like open clean space we have basically the tree in that negative space but it's still negative space where we can place text we can place other things in the image a purse, a putting together, a card and so forth okay, so what I'm gonna do is just kind of want you guys to wrap up each other's hands a little bit that's beautiful see what the shot I'm composing it so that the hands are towards the left third of the frame and I'm going to get clothes I'm gonna do one where we're composing with the hands in the center of the frame, okay, so this is what I mean with every crop still has its own composition it's just the crop is telling the overall story is defining what we want to talk about. I think their feet or q and I love their hands and since I'm going to go for a crop that kind of really shows off mohr of their clothing mohr of the overall kind of scene, but not so much about them or their their faces it's just gonna be like their bodies in there. Everything else in this shot the details, okay, we're going to go for the details so let's, go ahead and what we're going to do is uncork the champagne again plan, right? So he's setting up I want to prepare, I want to lock in my settings one, two hundred second is good, I want a little bit of action in the court if I can get the court kind of flying out it's going to look really cool that's a really hard shot to get but we're going to try and increase our chances of getting it by setting up everything being ready we're going to focus we're gonna lock in anticipate where the action is going to happen and they're going to try and get the shot so where you going to cork it where you're going to be firing right have that would be awesome actually should we try that do it like right off the side of the camera okay famous last words ok did you want to get yeah I'm going to get kind of your hands you're doing that and then let's have your hands in the scene still so yeah christine kind of there you go there you go I'm just getting the details of him basically opening up the bottle and everything okay I'm gonna hold up one second okay I'm going to get I'm getting a little back far so I can get a shot of them as there opening the champagne so kind of like a couple different focal length if you have a zoom is great but again I want that prime look so I've got to get a little bit of movement so I just haven't pause here and there so I can move back and forth okay I'm going to speed up my shutter speed two two fifty just to make sure that we can get this on then let me aah! That was awesome. That was completely unplanned. He did not touch the cork, if you can plan, prepare logging the setting to anticipate and ready for it. When it happened, we just went with it. I wasn't expecting to either kind of surprised all of us, but we got these hilarious shots that, you know, you probably wouldn't put him in a magazine, but they're awesome keepsakes for you guys, so, okay, so we are done in our little picnic scene here. Hopefully, this helps you all out to understand how cropping really changed the story of an image, and how each crop has it own composition and how it it seemed like this, we can choose, and we can crop in different areas to really add to an overall composition and tell a better story.

Class Description

Learn how to create, edit, and share stunning digital images.

To a photography beginner, the gleaming complexity of a new camera seems to demand an arsenal of expensive equipment and a long legacy of training. This is a common misconception – beautiful, professional-grade shots are within reach to any with a mastery of the basic mechanics of photography.

Join Pye Jirsa of SLR Lounge for a thorough, practical exploration of the fundamentals. Photography 101 teaches you how to use standard, inexpensive equipment to:

  • Explore the inner mechanical workings of your camera
  • Learn how to recognize good light and modify it to your needs
  • Make the elements of manual mode - aperture, shutter speed and ISO - work for you
Take advantage of the flexibility and control offered by your camera’s manual mode by shadowing Pye on 5 days of shooting at 8 different locations. You’ll learn how to capture both crisp action shots of moving subjects and classic portraiture with posed models. You’ll also gain a sense of what makes a great photograph, and how to mix professional staging with candid, humanizing moments.

You will walk away from Photography 101 with SLR Lounge's Pye Jirsa as a better photographer, and you’ll have the creative and practical skills to create, edit, and share stunning digital images; all with no more gear than you started with. 


2The Camera is Simply a Tool
3How Does a Camera Work?
4How to Adjust Shutter Speed, Aperture, ISO
5Exposure Triangle
6What is a Stop of Light
7Reading Exposure Via the Histogram
8Blown Highlights or Clipped Details
9White Balance & Color Temperature
10No Such Thing as the Correct Exposure
11How To Measure or Meter Light
128 Key Points to Understanding ISO and Image Quality
13Understanding the 3 Primary Metering Methods
14How to Get Perfect Exposures in One Shot
15Equivalent Exposure but Different Images
16Compensating for Light and Dark Scenes
17Starting with Automated Modes
18Auto Mode and Flash-Off Mode
19Portrait Mode on a Fashion Shoot
20Landscape Mode on the Beach
21Sports or Action Mode
22Macro Mode with Food Photography
23Creative Effects Mode - Floral Photography
24In-Camera Processing
25A Glimpse into RAW Processing
2615 Tips When You’re Having Trouble Focusing
273 Primary Types of Autofocus
28Single Shot with Portrait Session
29Single Shot with Action Shots
30AI Servo with Action Shots
31Focus Recomposing vs. AF Point Selection
32Shutter Speed and the Reciprocal Rule
33How to Hold a Camera and Panning Tutorial
34What Makes a Great Photograph?
35How to Capture Candid Moments
36How to Find the Right Light Direction
375 Basic Compositional Theories
38The Power of Cropping
39Color Schemes
40Diving into the Narrative
41If It’s Not Working With, It’s Probably Working Against
42More About Your Camera and Lenses
43Understanding Megapixels
44Crop vs. Full Frame Cameras
45Crop vs. Full Frame Cameras Demonstration
46Prime vs. Zoom Lens
47How the Lens Affects Composition
48Dynamic Range and RAW vs. JPEG
495 Tips on Memory Cards
5010 Tips on Buying Gear
52The Good Karma Jar
53Posing and Action Shots with Female Model
54Posing and Lighting with Female Model
55Posing and Lighting Couples Portraits