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Adobe Photoshop CC Bootcamp

Lesson 20 of 118

Cropping for Print


Adobe Photoshop CC Bootcamp

Lesson 20 of 118

Cropping for Print


Lesson Info

Cropping for Print

So the other thing that we're gonna talk about is cropping for, specifically for what happens in camera. And in talking about that, we're also gonna be talking about what happens in post, or in printing, I should say. So we'll close this down. So when we're cropping for print, there's a couple things that we need to consider. And one of the things that I want us to consider, here, when we open these up, just gonna open up these images. They're all DNG files. Is the difference between a Micro Four Thirds camera and a full-frame camera. So, you see this right here. This is taken, this shot right here, by itself, was taken with a full-frame camera. The same exact shot on the same exact tripod with the same exact millimeter lens was shot with a Four Thirds camera. So, in our cameras, we are doing some form of cropping. Because this is a Four Thirds sensor, we have to understand that that sensor is smaller than a full-frame sensor. So what it does is it, they say they there's a doubling fac...

tor on your lenses, that your lens, that it was 24 millimeter, is it now 48? Well, it's not necessarily 48 millimeters. It's still a 24-millimeter lens, but the sensor, because it's smaller, is doubling the size of what it's seeing. It's zooming in a little bit farther into that, into what the lens is showing it. So, here's the full-frame version, which would be the closest that we can get to a negative, a 35-millimeter negative. And here's Micro Four Thirds. How this plays in is that every one of these cameras, and all these sensors, have a different aspect ratio for the size of the image that they shoot. Some of those aspect ratios are very helpful and conducive for print, and some of them are not. So here's a good example. This is a Micro Four Thirds image. This is an APS-C image. And this is a full-frame image. One of the biggest questions I get when it comes to cropping or when it comes to saving for print is, I get an email that says, hey, I just, I shot this image, I absolutely love it, I just uploaded it to my favorite place to print, and guess what, it's cropping all this stuff off. Why is that happening? What I see is what I want. Well, what you see and what you want are two different things. We can't always have that. So what we have to consider here is that when we crop specifically for print in mind, we can still use the crop tool that's in Photoshop to help us out with that. Because we're using things with a ratio. Now, these ratios here are four by five, five by seven, two by three, sixteen by nine. We can change this to whatever we want, though. So if you're about to print and your print is a 20 by 24, we didn't see 20 by 24 there, did we? No. So if we click here and go 24, tab, 20, that would be what would happen if I was to print this image this image as a 20 by 24. I'm going to lose something. I have to lose something. Now, you would say, well, why wouldn't you just go ahead and then just print it as a 24 by and maybe make that aspect ratio fit a little bit better? And I very well could. But let's say I'm doing a gallery exhibit and I want all of my images to be 20 by so that it looks like they're all part of the same portfolio where there's no differences and everything's perfect and level on that wall. 24 by 36 might throw off that 20 by 24. So now what happens, we don't throw it out and say, let's pick another image, we just see what can work for us with an 24 by 20 photograph. What crop can work for us? Where would it work and where can we still get a compelling image at 20 by 24? Now, that's with a full-frame image. If I were to look at this full-frame image in say, 8 by 10, okay? That's an 8 by 10 on a full frame. I'm losing some on both sides. My hardest transition actually came when I went from working with a full-frame camera or working with a Micro Four Thirds, I used to be an Olympus shooter, to going to a full-frame camera. I skipped the whole APS-C in between, I skipped that whole crop, and I went right to a full-frame camera. So if we look at this, this is an APS-C. And this is a Micro Four Thirds. Look at the difference here. Look at how much less is being cropped off at an 8 by 10 with a Micro Four Thirds. Look at how much more is being cropped off with a full-frame camera or even an APS-C, like we would see here. So, any time we're working with this, and this is not, I don't want you to think that this is now going to be an 8 by 10 image. It's not, okay? So we need to look at this. Let's look at this photograph. If we press command or control on our rulers, and we look at the crop here, we've got this set to an 8 by 10. You would think that when we are done with this, it would be an 8 by 10, right? Well, look at the rulers on the top. It's going from zero to just over 26, meaning that this is a little bit over 26 inches wide. And it's a little bit over, almost 17 inches tall. So if I were to commit to this and say, this is the 8 by 10 that I want, and press enter, it is an 8-by-10 aspect ratio image, but it is not an 8-by-10-inch photograph. So when you send it to your printers, this, you could still send this to your printers, and it would print just fine on an 8 by 10 photograph. How we know that this is not an 8 by 10, other than looking at the rulers, is if we go to Image, and we go to Image Size. This image size is telling me how many pixels wide my image is, but I can change that at any moment and change that to inches. So this is still a 22 by 17 image. It's still a very large image, it's still 300 resolution, it has not been changed to 8 by 10. The only thing that has changed in this photograph is that we are now able to print this in a good, comfortable 8 by 10 aspect ratio with this size image. If you were to physically still see this photograph, it would still physically be 22 inches wide and we know that by using the image size pane. So if we went, if we just press Okay on this and commit to this, we're not changing anything, okay? The same thing is true with any of the images that we do. If we do something like a four by six. This is a perfect four by six because an APS-C camera and a full-frame camera are both a two-to-three ratio, which is the same thing as a four by six. So this four by six would be perfect. But does that mean that we have a four-by-six image? Absolutely not. Because if we press command or control R, and look at our rulers on this, it's almost 20 inches by almost 13 inches. So that's one of the hardest things to wrap your head around when it comes to cropping, especially when it comes to cropping for print. Because what I do is, I don't leave my images up to the printer to crop my photograph. I crop it here in Photoshop first. So when I want a four by six, I come into Photoshop, I ensure that I have four by six selected, so that I know that this is the four by six that I'm gonna receive. Or the 8 by 10, or the 20 by 24, or whatever image size that might be. Because when you send it to the printers, they might give you a thing that you can use to move the crop around, but it's not nearly as effective as what you can do here in Photoshop. Especially when you can change the size of things. And also, it doesn't give you the grid lines there. If you were to go to your favorite printer, upload your image, it's gonna say, it's gonna crop in like this, well what are you losing? You're losing a lot of the ability to see the golden ratio or the triangles, or the rule of thirds. They don't necessarily have those on those printing websites or whoever you might be printing through. So the thing to take away here is that this is not a direct correlation to image size. This is just changing the aspect ratio of the current image that you're working on.

Class Description

Adobe® Photoshop CC® is a valuable tool for photographers, but it can also be intimidating. In this all-inclusive 20 lesson course, you’ll go from opening the program for the first time to creating images that really stand out. Join Blake Rudis, Photoshop expert and founder of f64 Academy, as he shows you how to maximize your use of Photoshop. 

Topics covered will include:

  • Class Introduction & Bridge, Adobe Camera Raw, Setup Interface, Cropping and Layers
  • Layer Tools, Masks, Selections, Clean-Up Tools and Shapes & Text
  • Smart Objects, Transforming, Actions, Filters, and Editing Video
  • Custom Creative Effects, Natural Retouching, Portrait Workflow, Landscape Workflow, and Composite Workflow

Don’t let the many aspects of Photoshop prevent you from maximizing your use of this amazing app. Blake will help you develop the confidence to use your imagination and create the images that you will be proud to share with your clients.


Adobe Photoshop CC 2018


  1. Bootcamp Introduction
  2. The Bridge Interface
  3. Setting up Bridge
  4. Overview of Bridge
  5. Practical Application of Bridge
  6. Introduction to Raw Editing
  7. Setting up ACR Preferences & Interface
  8. Global Tools Part 1
  9. Global Tools Part 2
  10. Local Tools
  11. Introduction to the Photoshop Interface
  12. Toolbars, Menus and Windows
  13. Setup and Interface
  14. Adobe Libraries
  15. Saving Files
  16. Introduction to Cropping
  17. Cropping for Composition in ACR
  18. Cropping for Composition in Photoshop
  19. Cropping for the Subject in Post
  20. Cropping for Print
  21. Perspective Cropping in Photoshop
  22. Introduction to Layers
  23. Vector & Raster Layers Basics
  24. Adjustment Layers in Photoshop
  25. Organizing and Managing Layers
  26. Introduction to Layer Tools and Blend Modes
  27. Screen and Multiply and Overlay
  28. Soft Light Blend Mode
  29. Color and Luminosity Blend Modes
  30. Color Burn and Color Dodge Blend Modes
  31. Introduction to Layer Styles
  32. Practical Application: Layer Tools
  33. Introduction to Masks and Brushes
  34. Brush Basics
  35. Custom Brushes
  36. Brush Mask: Vignettes
  37. Brush Mask: Curves Dodge & Burn
  38. Brush Mask: Hue & Saturation
  39. Mask Groups
  40. Clipping Masks
  41. Masking in Adobe Camera Raw
  42. Practical Applications: Masks
  43. Introduction to Selections
  44. Basic Selection Tools
  45. The Pen Tool
  46. Masks from Selections
  47. Selecting Subjects and Masking
  48. Color Range Mask
  49. Luminosity Masks Basics
  50. Introduction to Cleanup Tools
  51. Adobe Camera Raw
  52. Healing and Spot Healing Brush
  53. The Clone Stamp Tool
  54. The Patch Tool
  55. Content Aware Move Tool
  56. Content Aware Fill
  57. Custom Cleanup Selections
  58. Introduction to Shapes and Text
  59. Text Basics
  60. Shape Basics
  61. Adding Text to Pictures
  62. Custom Water Marks
  63. Introduction to Smart Objects
  64. Smart Object Basics
  65. Smart Objects and Filters
  66. Smart Objects and Image Transformation
  67. Smart Objects and Album Layouts
  68. Smart Objects and Composites
  69. Introduction to Image Transforming
  70. ACR and Lens Correction
  71. Photoshop and Lens Correction
  72. The Warp Tool
  73. Perspective Transformations
  74. Introduction to Actions in Photoshop
  75. Introduction to the Actions Panel Interface
  76. Making Your First Action
  77. Modifying Actions After You Record Them
  78. Adding Stops to Actions
  79. Conditional Actions
  80. Actions that Communicate
  81. Introduction to Filters
  82. ACR as a Filter
  83. Helpful Artistic Filters
  84. Helpful Practical Filters
  85. Sharpening with Filters
  86. Rendering Trees
  87. The Oil Paint and Add Noise Filters
  88. Introduction to Editing Video
  89. Timeline for Video
  90. Cropping Video
  91. Adjustment Layers and Video
  92. Building Lookup Tables
  93. Layers, Masking Video & Working with Type
  94. ACR to Edit Video
  95. Animated Gifs
  96. Introduction to Creative Effects
  97. Black, White, and Monochrome
  98. Matte and Cinematic Effects
  99. Gradient Maps and Solid Color Grades
  100. Gradients
  101. Glow and Haze
  102. Introduction to Natural Retouching
  103. Brightening Teeth
  104. Clean Up with the Clone Stamp Tool
  105. Cleaning and Brightening Eyes
  106. Advanced Clean Up Techniques
  107. Introduction to Portrait Workflow & Bridge Organization
  108. ACR for Portraits Pre-Edits
  109. Portrait Workflow Techniques
  110. Introduction to Landscape Workflow & Bridge Organization
  111. Landscape Workflow Techniques
  112. Introduction to Compositing & Bridge
  113. Composite Workflow Techniques
  114. Landscape Composite Projects
  115. Bonus: Rothko and Workspace
  116. Bonus: Adding Textures to Photos
  117. Bonus: The Mask (Extras)
  118. Bonus: The Color Range Mask in ACR


a Creativelive Student

Amazing course, but don't be fooled into thinking this is a beginner's course for photographers. The problem isn't Blake's explanations; they're top. The problem is the vast scope of this course and the order in which the topics are presented. Take layers for example. When I was first learning Photoshop (back when we learned from books), I found I learned little or nothing from, for example, books that covered layers before they covered how to improve/process photographs. These books taught me how to organize, move, and link layers before they showed me what a layer was actually for. Those books tended to teach me everything there is to know about layers (types of layers, how to organize them, how to move them, how to move them two at a time, how to move them two at a time even if there are other layers between the two you're interested in, useful troubleshooting tips, etc. ) all before I even know (from a photographer's point of view) what it is the things actually do. The examples of organizing, linking, and moving mean everything for graphic designers from Day One, but for photographers not so much. Blake does the same thing as those books. Topics he covers extremely early demand a lot of theoretical imagination for a photographer who doesn't already know quite a bit about what he is talking about. Learning about abstract things first and concrete things later only makes PS that much harder to understand. If you AREN'T a beginner, however, this course is amazing. I thought it would be like an Army Bootcamp, taking you from zero and building you into a fit, competent Photoshop grunt. Now I think it's more like Army Bootcamp for high school varsity jocks. It isn't going to take you from the beginning, but the amount you'll get out of it is nonetheless more than your brain can imagine. I've been using PS for years to improve my photographs, and even to create the odd artistic composite or two. The amount I've learned in the first week is amazing, and every day I learn something -- more like many things -- which I immediately implement to improve my productivity and/or widen the horizons of what I can achieve. If you ARE a photographer who's a Photoshop beginner, I'd take very seriously the advice Blake gives in the introduction: Watch one lesson, and practice the skills and principles you learn in that one lesson for two weeks. THEN watch the next lesson. You can't do that of course without buying the course, so it's up to you to decide whether you'd like to learn Photoshop and master Photoshop all from the same course. Learning it first and mastering it later will cost more money, but I think you'll understand everything better and have a much more enjoyable ride in the process. As for me? I'm going to have to find the money to buy this course. There is simply way too much content in each lesson for me to try to take on all at once, but on the other hand I don't want to miss anything at all that he has to share.

Robert Andrews

Blake Rudis is the absolute best in teaching photoshop. His knowledge and how he presents the instruction is clear and concise - there is NO ONE BETTER. Yes, his classes require some basic skills, and maybe I'd organize the order of (or group) the classes in a different order, but, let me be clear - if anyone is to be successful or famous in the Photoshop world, it should be Blake Rudis. I strongly recommend his teaching. I started photography and post processing in 2018, and because of this class, I'm know what Im doing. The energy you get when you create something beautiful is profound, it makes you bounce out of bed (at 4AM) like a 5 year old, to go create. It's a great ride! Thanks Blake, & Thanks Creative live.

Esther Gambrell

WOW!!! I've been purchasing CL classes for several years now and have watched HOURS of "How-To Photoshop" classes, but this is the first one I've actually purchased because of the AWESOME BONUS content!!! SERIOUSLY??!!?!? A PLUG-IN??? But not only that, Blake is SO easy to understand, and he breaks down concepts in different ways to connect with different people's learning styles. I REALLY appreciated this approach because I am a LEFT-BRAINED creative that has an engineering background, so I really connected to what Blake was saying. THANK YOU FOR THAT! There are TONS of Photoshop courses out there, but I found this one to be the most helpful in they way Blake teaches concepts so that you know WHY you're doing what your doing. I feel like he taught me how to fish with Photoshop to feed me for a lifetime instead of just giving me a fish to feed me for one day. This is the BEST overall PS course out there!!! Thank you!!!!