Adobe® Photoshop® CC® Bootcamp


Adobe® Photoshop® CC® Bootcamp


Lesson Info

Introduction to Layers

Layers is a topic that is very difficult for a lot of people to wrap their head around. I had the fortunate, I guess, fortunate ability to get my degree in printmaking and sculpture, so I learned layers at a very early time, that's really helped my out with layers in Photoshop. So what we're gonna talk about today is layer demo, we're gonna actually do a physical demo where you're gonna see layers working on transparencies, we're gonna talk about how you can start envisioning layers in your mind, to set you up for success with layers in Photoshop, we're gonna talk about the types of layers, and then we're gonna talk about some practical application with those layers to get it all to kind of circle back to the very beginning of the basics of layers. So let's go ahead and start this layers demo. So if I told you to draw a smiley face on a piece of paper, you'd probably be looking at a sheet of paper like this here and you'd just draw your smiley face like this. And now we have a smiley f...

ace on a sheet of paper. This is not conducive for layered editing in Photoshop, because this smiley face is on its own layer, it's got an opaque background, and it doesn't really help us when we're thinking about layers in Photoshop. So the next transition for this is to think about layers in terms of actual transparency sheets. So I don't know if you're like me, but I learned math back when they had those old projector units, where they would draw the problem on the piece of transparency film, and then they would put the solution to the equation on top of it afterwards. And that's exactly what you need to think about layers in Photoshop as, is that you can slide these things in and out, you can build upon them, but you have to understand that each layer is it's own separate entity. So now, if I were to draw this smiley face on one transparent layer, this is a little bit more conducive for working in Photoshop, because now I have my transparency film. You can see through it. If we were to put this transparency on top of this piece of opaque paper, I did a pretty good job of getting that smiley face almost pretty close there, huh? We have one layer interacting with the other layer. But the even better way to do layers in Photoshop is to actually do each separate part of that smiley face on an individual layer. So we'll have the head will be on this layer, and then we would take our layer two, and maybe draw those eyes, and then our layer three, and now we have the smiley face. So each individual layer, then, can be modified. This smiley face, the smile of the smiley face, is on it's own individual layer, which can be edited or modified, and if I wanted to, I could then make him sad or angry with any other layer while still preserving the original eyes and the face. And that's the advantage with working with layers in Photoshop. So thinking about layers in terms of Photoshop, the transparency film helps, because you can see how they're individual, and the eyes are on one, the head is on the back of layer one, and then layer three also has a smiley face. And notice how they're all also very well labeled, one, two and three. And we can do this in Photoshop as well. So we can have those pieces of the smiley face individually compartmentalized in their own area with their own name, so we have a quick reference to them. So this is still a transparent layer, but it's a transparent layer with all of our individual pieces on it, and this is an opaque layer. And all of these actually do play into Photoshop. This would be essentially what we call a merged set of layers, that still has transparency to it. This would be a flattened document, which might be ready for print, and these would be your working documents. So envisioning this, envisioning layers, is the next piece to this. I've already kind of showed it with the transparencies, but you can really see how layers are now, we're taking a two dimensional thing that we think about, a photograph is two dimensional, and we print it out, all you see at the very end of it is a two dimensional object. But the building of that two dimensional object is a three dimensional, almost sculptural type of mentality, where you have to think of those layers as sheets that rest on top of each other, and actually pull them apart in your mind, to see how they're interacting with one another. So looking at the screen, it's just flat. You have your layers, and they're also flat, but if you think about that layer stack that we're gonna see when we get into Photoshop as each one of those layers being a physical object that can be moved around, it's a lot easier for you to understand layers than the paralyzing fact that you have multiple things going on in one layer stack, okay? So here's our smiley face. If we envision that smiley face as our three dimensional object, just like we saw on the transparencies, you can see how now the eyes and the mouth are pulled away from this object there. So the first object would be the face, the second object would be the eyes and the mouth, and they are separate. When you pull them apart, you can actually see a shadow on them too. That's thinking about this in three dimensions. So we have two layer qualities, and we've already kind of talked about those layer qualities. The first layer quality is an Opaque layer. And and Opaque layer is a layer that has an opacity of 100%. That's a fully Opaque layer. The second one is a Transparent layer, which would be a layer that has an opacity that is set at 99% and below. So it's somewhat transparent, it can be seen through. And some of these, we also have to understand that some of these layers can be opaque and transparent. So that's one of those things to wrap your head around, is that if you have a solid fill of that eye of the smiley face that's 100% opacity, but the area around it is transparent. So we have two layer qualities, but the third layer quality is kind of that hybrid mix of both of them. So let's talk about the layers in Photoshop. There are three main types of layers. Regardless of your layer styles that you have applied to them, which we'll talk about in the next lesson, the Opacity, the Blend Modes or the Fill, there are always three types of layers in Photoshop. And these are your basic layers that you're gonna also need to kind of wrap your head around when you're thinking about things in terms of layers. The first one is a Pixel Based layer. And a Pixel Based layer is any layer that is Rasterized. That's a big word that you probably right now just stumbled upon, but that's fine. We'll take care of that one. These are layers that contain pixel data. Think about a background layer, or an imagine right out of your camera that you pull into Photoshop. If you notice that when you pull it in, it's got a thing that says Background with a lock on it, that is a Pixel Based layer. It's a layer that's comprised of Pixels, because our camera sensors take Pixel Based images. The next one is a Vector Based image. Now, as photographers, we don't always see Vector Based images. Vector Based images are typically something that you would see coming out of Illustrator, or something that uses lines, shapes, and text to create an image. And Vector Based layers are separate and different from Pixel Based layers. Then we have Adjustment layers, and these are kind of the thing that turns all of it on its head. Adjustment layers are what I like to call Calculation Based layers. Adjustment layers will take anything that is underneath an Adjustment layer, and make a calculated representation in the layer above. Think of things like a Curves Adjustment layer. That Curves Adjustment layer is a calculation. It's looking at everything that's happening below it, it's calculating things based on curves, and then also levels, gradient maps, hue saturation, anything you see in the Adjustment layers that when we get to the end of this lesson here, you'll see exactly what I'm talking about. But these are all calculations. These are temporary things that are happening within that layer that are not destroying anything that's going on underneath your layers, because it's happening right within that Adjustment layer. So let's go ahead and hop into Photoshop, and we'll do a little bit of practical application with this. Take a look at layers, how layers are organized, how to organize them best, and also look at how we can look at Vector Based images, Pixel Based images, and Adjustment layers individually.

Class Description

Adobe® Photoshop® CC® is a valuable tool for photographers, but it can also be intimidating. In this all-inclusive 20 lesson course, you’ll go from opening the program for the first time to creating images that really stand out. Join Blake Rudis, Photoshop® expert and founder of f64 Academy, as he shows you how to maximize your use of Photoshop®. Topics covered will include:

Week 1
• Class Introduction & Bridge, Adobe Camera Raw, Setup Interface, Cropping and Layers
Week 2
• Layer Tools, Masks, Selections, Clean-Up Tools and Shapes & Text
Week 3
• Smart Objects , Transforming, Actions, Filters and Editing Video
Week 4
• Custom Creative Effects, Natural Retouching, Portrait Workflow, Landscape Workflow, and Composite Workflow

Don’t let the many aspects of Photoshop® prevent you from maximizing your use of this amazing app. Blake will help you develop the confidence to use your imagination and create the images that you will be proud to share with your clients.

Software Used: Adobe® Photoshop® CC® 2018


1Bootcamp Introduction
2The Bridge Interface
3Setting up Bridge
4Overview of Bridge
5Practical Application of Bridge
6Introduction to Raw Editing
7Setting up ACR Preferences & Interface
8Global Tools Part 1
9Global Tools Part 2
10Local Tools
11Introduction to the Photoshop Interface
12Toolbars, Menus and Windows
13Setup and Interface
14Adobe Libraries
15Saving Files
16Introduction to Cropping
17Cropping for Composition in ACR
18Cropping for Composition in Photoshop
19Cropping for the Subject in Post
20Cropping for Print
21Perspective Cropping in Photoshop
22Introduction to Layers
23Vector & Raster Layers Basics
24Adjustment Layers in Photoshop
25Organizing and Managing Layers
26Introduction to Layer Tools and Blend Modes
27Screen and Multiply and Overlay
28Soft Light Blend Mode
29Color and Luminosity Blend Modes
30Color Burn and Color Dodge Blend Modes
31Introduction to Layer Styles
32Practical Application: Layer Tools
33Introduction to Masks and Brushes
34Brush Basics
35Custom Brushes
36Brush Mask: Vignettes
37Brush Mask: Curves Dodge & Burn
38Brush Mask: Hue & Saturation
39Mask Groups
40Clipping Masks
41Masking in Adobe Camera Raw
42Practical Applications: Masks
43Introduction to Selections
44Basic Selection Tools
45The Pen Tool
46Masks from Selections
47Selecting Subjects and Masking
48Color Range Mask
49Luminosity Masks Basics
50Introduction to Cleanup Tools
51Adobe Camera Raw
52Healing and Spot Healing Brush
53The Clone Stamp Tool
54The Patch Tool
55Content Aware Move Tool
56Content Aware Fill
57Custom Cleanup Selections
58Introduction to Shapes and Text
59Text Basics
60Shape Basics
61Adding Text to Pictures
62Custom Water Marks
63Introduction to Smart Objects
64Smart Object Basics
65Smart Objects and Filters
66Smart Objects and Image Transformation
67Smart Objects and Album Layouts
68Smart Objects and Composites
69Introduction to Image Transforming
70ACR and Lens Correction
71Photoshop and Lens Correction
72The Warp Tool
73Perspective Transformations
74Introduction to Actions in Photoshop
75Introduction to the Actions Panel Interface
76Making Your First Action
77Modifying Actions After You Record Them
78Adding Stops to Actions
79Conditional Actions
80Actions that Communicate
81Introduction to Filters
82ACR as a Filter
83Helpful Artistic Filters
84Helpful Practical Filters
85Sharpening with Filters
86Rendering Trees
87The Oil Paint and Add Noise Filters
88Introduction to Editing Video
89Timeline for Video
90Cropping Video
91Adjustment Layers and Video
92Building Lookup Tables
93Layers, Masking Video & Working with Type
94ACR to Edit Video
95Animated Gifs
96Introduction to Creative Effects
97Black, White, and Monochrome
98Matte and Cinematic Effects
99Gradient Maps and Solid Color Grades
101Glow and Haze
102Introduction to Natural Retouching
103Brightening Teeth
104Clean Up with the Clone Stamp Tool
105Cleaning and Brightening Eyes
106Advanced Clean Up Techniques
107Introduction to Portrait Workflow & Bridge Organization
108ACR for Portraits Pre-Edits
109Portrait Workflow Techniques
110Introduction to Landscape Workflow & Bridge Organization
111Landscape Workflow Techniques
112Introduction to Compositing & Bridge
113Composite Workflow Techniques
114Landscape Composite Projects
115Bonus: Rothko and Workspace
116Bonus: Adding Textures to Photos
117Bonus: The Mask (Extras)
118Bonus: The Color Range Mask in ACR