Global Tools Part 2

 

Adobe® Photoshop® CC® Bootcamp

 

Lesson Info

Global Tools Part 2

Let's go ahead and look at noise reduction. Noise reduction is huge, and actually, in the past, noise reduction in Adobe Camera Raw was horrible. I would have told you probably about five years ago to buy a plugin for noise reduction, but now, Adobe Camera Raw's noise reduction is beautiful. It's great, especially when you're doing things like this. So, but to understand what's happening over here, we first have to just get all of our sliders down to zero, just take everything down to zero. We don't need to see any of these. Bring this down, in your sharpening, bring your radius down, bring your detail down, bring your color down, and now, we need to zoom into a certain area of the photograph. Noise. Let's talk about noise. I've got three young boys. (audience laughs) Noise is a negative connotation. I don't necessarily like the term noise. In the film days, we would go and grab ISO 1,000 film, because we liked the grain that it produced on our images. When we shot indoors with wedding...

or with events or something like that, there was a beautiful film grain that would happen with ISO 1,000 film. Now, we don't necessarily have film grain that comes with ISO 1,000. We have something called noise that comes with ISO 1,000. And a lot of times, that noise, what I will, what I consider noise and things that I don't like are going to be areas that are magenta, green color noise. Color noise is noise. It's gross. We don't need it in our photograph. But luminance noise and color noise are actually two different things. If we pull them apart and look at them individually, color noise is that noise that we're getting where this just does not exist. This color noise is happening because all of the RGB things that are happening on my sensor in order to record this image, whereas luminance noise is basically what's coming across because of the ISO that I choose. Now, they do work hand in hand. You're gonna get this digital color noise along with any other noise. So, what I'm gonna do is just first start out by bringing up the color noise and assessing that color noise. And color detail, that is the amount of detail that happens within those color noisy areas. So you can either bring that down to, to reduce the amount of detail that's in there, or bring it up to increase the amount of detail that would be in that color noise area. And color smoothness is how, after it's reduced that color noise, how that color transitions throughout the rest of the canvas. Now, color smoothness, this is one of those things that, if you just bring this all the way up and say, just smooth out all that color, if you're looking at this and you can really see it, you can see what's happening, those magentas, those greens, they just kind of fade away into a muddy gray, which, if you've got a lot of color in your image and you also have a lot of noise in your image, those colors will start to fade away to like a moody gray, okay? So don't, don't just think, oh, I can get rid of all my color noise and just throw it out the window. No, there's gonna be some side effects and some drawbacks here. So just, you know, take it a little bit easy on this. So if we drop the color smoothness down, now you see how that color is starting to come back in there. Do I want all of that color? Maybe not necessarily. So let's just go somewhere in between there. Now, the next one that we need to talk about is luminance noise. Luminance noise is that, that fine edge, like, toothy type of noise that you're seeing in this image. So if I bring the luminance up here, you can see it just blurs everything down, to the point that this now looks like a painting rather than a photograph. What I want to, what I really want you to avoid doing is getting into the habit of just slamming up your luminance, 'cause if you slam up that luminance, you're losing a lot of important detail. So, what I do is I tend to be very mild with this. I'll just do a mild treatment of this that just basically brings up that luminance up to about 25 pixels or so. The luminance detail, that's how much detail would exist within that luminance noise. If I bring it up, it's gonna have a lot more of that detail within the noise. If I bring it down, it's going to have a lot less detail within that noise. And then if we have the luminance contrast here, this is the contrast between the lights and darks of the noise in the image, which, unless you have an ISO like 6500 image, you may not even see this thing even doing anything. A lot of times, we don't even touch it, because we don't see. Noise at that level at ISO 6500 tends to come in as dark and light and dark and light and dark and light and dark and light, these really dark and light pixels that are all next to each other. So, if we increase luminance contrast there, we're increasing or decreasing the amount of contrast between that noisy area. So, let's go ahead and bring that color detail down a little bit and color smoothness up, and now, if we look at this image here, if we look at our settings we have right here, if we click this button, this'll toggle between the current settings and the default settings. So that's just toggling, it's not toggling between all the settings in the camera raw. It's just toggling between what I've done with my noise reduction. So if we zoom in here and look at something like the top area here, there's the after, there's the before. After, before. Now, on that note, we also have sharpening, which works hand in hand with noise reduction. It has to, especially on Adobe Camera Raw. So, sharpening is, this is the amount of sharpening. You bring this up, and it's gonna make your image wildly sharper. You bring your radius up, and that's the radius between the pixels that it's grabbing. And the detail, this is where you're gonna start getting a lot of artifacting. It's gonna try and grab those detail areas and increase the contrast between them to make them more visible. So, if we drop that detail down, drop that radius down, and drop that amount down to get a sharp image, that's, that's actually pretty good right there. The masking button, this is really cool, which makes this kind of a hybrid local, hybrid global tool. So, it's globally reducing the noise, but it can hybridly, locally add sharpening. So, the sharpening in this mask, you see this masking slider? If you just move this over, you're not gonna know anything that it's doing. You're just like, oh, that's great. It didn't do anything. Awesome, thank you. But if you press Alt or Option and you click on it, that's showing you that right now, because this is white, when we start getting into talking about masking, that this sharpening is happening to the entire image. If I start to move this over, all the things that are black now are not being affected by the sharpening. Boom. I mean, like, this is mind-boggling, okay? Seriously, because as I move this over, we reduce the in these dark areas. Why would we wanna sharpen the noise that we just reduced, okay? So we have to use sharpening and noise reduction hand in hand, and we can't just globally sharpen the entire image. Sharpening is something that should be fine-tuned and happen to just the areas that it needs to happen to. So, with the photograph like this, I'd be very happy with these settings. Even though I still have noise in there, that's okay. When it prints, it'll actually look really nice. Don't worry about it too much. Don't peak too much at, oh my gosh, it's so noisy. I gotta go ahead and just blow it away with like this. Don't do that. Now you're just taking all that data there that's making all that detail really nice and pretty, and you're smudging it together. You're just smearing it all together, and it's just not good. It kind of reminds me of, back in the day, when I was a drawing, my drawing professor hated it when I would draw something with my pencil on my paper and then I'd take my finger and I'd just smudge it to try and get shading with my finger. It was such a bad habit, 'cause them I'm just smudging all the drawing all over my image, and it just looks like smudge. Instead you go in and you do like, nice, fine-tuned strokes. Same thing here. If I just slam that luminance up, that's like smudging your finger all over your image. So, we'll bring that down to get it back to where I'm happy and comfortable, and that would be good there. But see, just on this Milky Way image alone, look at the overall before and after of this. There's the before. There's the after. We're pushing this raw file to extremes. Now, it is a Sony raw files, and all raw files are not created equally. Some raw files are better than others. If you go to a sensor-based website that will allow you to look at the sensors and the dynamic range within those sensors, you'll see that there's something like the amount of dynamic range that's available within that raw file. That dynamic range is gonna be an identifier to tell you how far you can push and pull those images. If you've got a dynamic range of something like the Sony 7r3 that I think is like 14.9 stops of dynamic range, that is an insane amount of dynamic range, so much so that I used to have a blog called Everyday HDR. I had to rebrand when I bought a new camera. I stopped doing HDR completely because of the amount of dynamic range that's available in those sensors. But that's not gonna be the case with all cameras. So definitely keep that in mind. So, let's go ahead and move on over and go into HSL. So I told you before that I like to make sure that I do my colors in a different area, and I fine-tune those colors not down here. This saturation boost right here on your basic settings is just gonna bump up all the saturation. It's gonna be really sloppy. The HSL adjustment here, it lets me break down all of my colors into the three color qualities that are available inside any given color in my image. The hue of that image. Hue is what color is the color. Saturation, how intense is that color, and luminance, how much black or white exists within that color. In the painter's world, we would call that value. If you are a former painter, value and luminance are pretty much the same thing. So if we go to hue and we look at the reds that are on this image, I can take all the reds in this image, and I can change the hue, but I can only do it, I think it's 30 degrees around the color wheel. So, this says +100, but what's happening is if you could envision the color wheel, which, we'll show the color wheel. I don't have one right now. But if the color red is up here, it's only gonna allow this to go one direction this way or one direction this way on the color wheel, which is completely unlike Photoshop. If you're expecting Photoshop's HSL adjustment in here, you're not gonna get it, 'cause you can take red in Photoshop and say, turn cyan, and go 180 degrees around the color wheel. This has what we call a governor in it, and it won't let you push it too far, just far enough to where you want it. But if we move that red over, you can see that that's going to make our, our, our stairs in this image a little bit more red or a little bit more on the orange side. But what we're doing here is we're taking that red and we're actually mixing it with magenta to get a more intense, intense kind of magenta look in the image. Now, it doesn't necessarily show you exactly where your colors are. I can't see where my oranges are. I just have to assume that Adobe Camera Raw knows what my oranges are, and it knows pretty well. So, if we look at the oranges in this, I don't like how orange these are. I wanna make them a little bit more yellow, so I can bump that over to the right, make it a little bit more yellow. Again, what color is the color? What color am I making the color yellow? I'm not increasing the intensity of the color by using saturation yet. I'm just telling that color to turn something else, to become a different color. If we move on down to the yellows here, we can then tell those yellows maybe to have, become a little bit more on the orange side. Our greens, we might not have any in here. Aquas, aquas are on the wall. Look at that. So, we move this over to the right. I think it looks a little bit better. You notice that I go back and forth like crazy, okay? What I'm doing there is I'm not just, I do like to throw things around, because it's fun, but what I'm doing when I move that back and forth like that, especially at those high speeds, I'm going to the far left, far right, far left, far right, middle left, middle left, far left, far left, until my eyes say, okay, boom, stop. It's like that old game show. No whammy, no whammy, stop, okay. Anybody? No. Yeah, I used to watch that when I was sick at home from school. But so, I like to just move that back and forth until my eye says, you know what? I kind of like that right there. I'm actually not even looking at that slider. I'm clicking on it. I'm just dragging it back and forth until I see something that I like or don't like, and then I just stop. It's a more intuitive way of working with the image rather than saying, okay, so I moved the blues negative nine, and I got this result. It's not gonna be the same way every time, okay? So those numbers are pretty much arbitrary based on what is happening within the image. So just take that for face value. So, if we go to saturation now, this is gonna be how intense is that color. We can really boost up the colors within those reds or drop those colors down to make them more on the gray side. And it's not gonna make it white. It's gonna make it more gray. When you remove saturation from a color, you're making that color more gray. So I can make it more red. Look at my oranges. You can see now, I'm getting that faux kind of black and white look where everything's black and white except for the stairs. Selective color. Don't do it. (Blake laughs) It's like, so 1990. (audience laughs) It's like warping text. (Blake laughs) So we'll just go ahead and bump up the orange a little bit, and then the yellows, we can boost up that a little bit. I do things called selective color, but what I'm doing here, look at this. Blue, perfect example. I don't want blue on those walls. I don't need blue on those walls. So I'm gonna selectively remove the blue from that wall. Just because it looks better as a grayscale type image rather than, you know, blue on the wall. It doesn't look good. Purples, probably don't have any in there, and then luminance. This can also increase the intensity. Here's a trick if you're the type of person who loves saturation, bold, saturated images, that's fine, I'm all on board. I used to be a painter. But when you bring the saturation up, come over to the luminance and make it a little bit darker. That'll make it more intense, get a bit more richness, and not just look like an eyesore of the color red that's just beaming in your face. So if we just drop this down a little bit here, bring it up, eh, probably about there. And that's essentially how that works. There is this thing here called convert to grayscale. So if I were to press convert to grayscale, what it's gonna do now is it converts my image to a grayscale image, and notice how it takes away my other two color properties. It takes away hue. It takes away saturation. It just says grayscale mix. If you notice what these sliders are, these are the luminance values. So, in changing this to grayscale, it's now only going to allow me to change the luminance of the color red, to make the color red deeper in terms of tone because it's a black and white image or make that color red brighter in terms of tone. But I lose two very important qualities, hue and saturation. We're gonna talk about black and white conversions in Photoshop. I tend to stay away from black and white conversions in Adobe Camera Raw, specifically because it doesn't allow me to manipulate the hue and saturation. It just allows me to manipulate the luminance that's in there. And sometimes, you can get some really awesome black and white conversions by also modifying the hue of that color underneath the black and white layer. That's awesome. This, it's kind of like a, okay, if I need to do something really quick with black and white, I'll do it with this. If you turn convert to grayscale off, it's smart enough to know and keep your settings there from before so you're not gonna lose 'em. See, the next one over is gonna be split toning. This is our next global feature. We're still in the global features here. So, with split toning, this allows me to select a color for the image in my highlights and in my shadows and then bump up the saturation of that color and where I apply it. Notice how I go all the way to the extreme with that saturation of that color. This can be where you can color grade your images for kind of like a finishing type of effect. So I can bring this down and then maybe bring the saturation of this down here and the saturation of this down here. So what I've done is I've essentially given this image kind of a, like a movie-type feel to it. I've taken what was just a regular photograph, and I've turned it into something that has a mood and a feeling to it. I tend to use the color wheel for this a lot and look at complementary colors and add complementary colors to it. That's why I'm using a yellow and a blue. But if I wanted to add maybe some magenta to the shadows, then I would probably come in here and add a light green to the highlights, and I would drop the saturation on these too, 'cause they're pretty intense when we go to something like that. So the saturation is how much of that color overlaying on those shadows. The hue is what color are you adding to the shadows. Again, just think of hue, what color is the color? Saturation, how intense is that color? Notice how we don't have luminance values here for those colors. The luminance is kind of the balance here. We move the balance to the left, it's gonna favor how much color is in the shadows over how much color is in the highlights. Change that back to zero, and we don't have any balance there. We're gonna talk about lens corrections later in this course. So I'm gonna kind of skip over that a little bit. Just to kind of give you a rundown on what lens corrections are, this allows you to look at the profile of the lens that you're using from your camera and make informed decisions based on that profile. If we were to just click the button on it, it's gonna make an informed decision on the vignetting that's happening in the image, plus any barrel distortion that might be happening in that image, and it's gonna try to autocorrect it for us. However, there is one thing in here in this lens correction that I want to cover that we will not be covering later, and that's gonna be the manual section here. So, chromatic aberrations are something that I absolutely despise. I critique a lot of images every month on my websites, and one thing that really irritates me so much, 'cause I talk about it all the time, is chromatic aberrations. It's nothing that you did wrong, okay. It's something that happens when light comes into your lens, bounces around that lens, and then that light gets dispersed onto the sensor. There's nothing you can do about it, but it gets recorded. And these are these little cyan and magenta fringes that happen on the edges of buildings. So if we turn chromatic aberrations on and off on here, let's see if we can find some. I know there's some in here, 'cause I selected this image specifically to show you. Here we go. So right here, see that fringe up there? That shouldn't be there. That fringe is not there in that building in Paris. So what we're gonna do is we can turn on remove chromatic aberration on, and sometimes, that just does the trick, right away. But, if you like to do HDR photography, a party will happen in your chromatic aberrations, a big ol' party. Those chromatic aberrations call all their friends, and they throw all their beer cans all over your image. So what you're gonna need to do is you're gonna need to go over the manual settings, and you can't be afraid of this. It's just asking you, how much purple amount do you want me to remove? What color, what hue, what color is that purple? How much green do you want me to remove, and what color is that green? So if we go over the purple here and we look at the purple in this image, we bring this up, it might do a real good job of getting rid of it there, too, but there are some times when that purple comes across as like, a slight color blue. Well, here you'd have to just change that hue. And you drop that hue down to match the hue of the exact chromatic aberration that you're seeing. Now, there is a trick here, where if you press, I believe it's Control and Click, it will find it for you. See that? It doesn't always work. So you can Control + Click on those chromatic aberrations to try and get rid of 'em, but it doesn't always work. Now, I did also say that this is a global tool, right? And any time we do something with color in our image and shift color in our image, it's gonna have to shift it somewhere else. So what I would say is that after you do your chromatic aberration adjustments, zoom out, turn it on and off, and see if that chromatic aberration adjustment is affecting your image negatively anywhere else. 'Cause if you have purple and you have green somewhere else in your image, it might be shifting those greens and those purples. And that's okay if it does, 'cause guess what? You just hop over to HSL and just give it a little bit more saturation in those greens or a little more saturation in those purples, and you get those colors back, because it's gonna have to shift those colors somewhere else in your image. It won't bring back the color that's happening in your fringes, 'cause it already took care of the fringes, but when you shift that color, it might manipulate, it might shift things around a little bit there too.

Class Description

Adobe® Photoshop® CC® is a valuable tool for photographers, but it can also be intimidating. In this all-inclusive 20 lesson course, you’ll go from opening the program for the first time to creating images that really stand out. Join Blake Rudis, Photoshop® expert and founder of f64 Academy, as he shows you how to maximize your use of Photoshop®. Topics covered will include:

Week 1
• Class Introduction & Bridge, Adobe Camera Raw, Setup Interface, Cropping and Layers
Week 2
• Layer Tools, Masks, Selections, Clean-Up Tools and Shapes & Text
Week 3
• Smart Objects , Transforming, Actions, Filters and Editing Video
Week 4
• Custom Creative Effects, Natural Retouching, Portrait Workflow, Landscape Workflow, and Composite Workflow

Don’t let the many aspects of Photoshop® prevent you from maximizing your use of this amazing app. Blake will help you develop the confidence to use your imagination and create the images that you will be proud to share with your clients.

Software Used: Adobe® Photoshop® CC® 2018

Lessons

1Bootcamp Introduction 2The Bridge Interface 3Setting up Bridge 4Overview of Bridge 5Practical Application of Bridge 6Introduction to Raw Editing 7Setting up ACR Preferences & Interface 8Global Tools Part 1 9Global Tools Part 2 10Local Tools 11Introduction to the Photoshop Interface 12Toolbars, Menus and Windows 13Setup and Interface 14Adobe Libraries 15Saving Files 16Introduction to Cropping 17Cropping for Composition in ACR 18Cropping for Composition in Photoshop 19Cropping for the Subject in Post 20Cropping for Print 21Perspective Cropping in Photoshop 22Introduction to Layers 23Vector & Raster Layers Basics 24Adjustment Layers in Photoshop 25Organizing and Managing Layers 26Introduction to Layer Tools and Blend Modes 27Screen and Multiply and Overlay 28Soft Light Blend Mode 29Color and Luminosity Blend Modes 30Color Burn and Color Dodge Blend Modes 31Introduction to Layer Styles 32Practical Application: Layer Tools 33Introduction to Masks and Brushes 34Brush Basics 35Custom Brushes 36Brush Mask: Vignettes 37Brush Mask: Curves Dodge & Burn 38Brush Mask: Hue & Saturation 39Mask Groups 40Clipping Masks 41Masking in Adobe Camera Raw 42Practical Applications: Masks 43Introduction to Selections 44Basic Selection Tools 45The Pen Tool 46Masks from Selections 47Selecting Subjects and Masking 48Color Range Mask 49Luminosity Masks Basics 50Introduction to Cleanup Tools 51Adobe Camera Raw 52Healing and Spot Healing Brush 53The Clone Stamp Tool 54The Patch Tool 55Content Aware Move Tool 56Content Aware Fill 57Custom Cleanup Selections 58Introduction to Shapes and Text 59Text Basics 60Shape Basics 61Adding Text to Pictures 62Custom Water Marks 63Introduction to Smart Objects 64Smart Object Basics 65Smart Objects and Filters 66Smart Objects and Image Transformation 67Smart Objects and Album Layouts 68Smart Objects and Composites 69Introduction to Image Transforming 70ACR and Lens Correction 71Photoshop and Lens Correction 72The Warp Tool 73Perspective Transformations 74Introduction to Actions in Photoshop 75Introduction to the Actions Panel Interface 76Making Your First Action 77Modifying Actions After You Record Them 78Adding Stops to Actions 79Conditional Actions 80Actions that Communicate 81Introduction to Filters 82ACR as a Filter 83Helpful Artistic Filters 84Helpful Practical Filters 85Sharpening with Filters 86Rendering Trees 87The Oil Paint and Add Noise Filters 88Introduction to Editing Video 89Timeline for Video 90Cropping Video 91Adjustment Layers and Video 92Building Lookup Tables 93Layers, Masking Video & Working with Type 94ACR to Edit Video 95Animated Gifs 96Introduction to Creative Effects 97Black, White, and Monochrome 98Matte and Cinematic Effects 99Gradient Maps and Solid Color Grades 100Gradients 101Glow and Haze 102Introduction to Natural Retouching 103Brightening Teeth 104Clean Up with the Clone Stamp Tool 105Cleaning and Brightening Eyes 106Advanced Clean Up Techniques 107Introduction to Portrait Workflow & Bridge Organization 108ACR for Portraits Pre-Edits 109Portrait Workflow Techniques 110Introduction to Landscape Workflow & Bridge Organization 111Landscape Workflow Techniques 112Introduction to Compositing & Bridge 113Composite Workflow Techniques 114Landscape Composite Projects 115Bonus: Rothko and Workspace 116Bonus: Adding Textures to Photos 117Bonus: The Mask (Extras) 118Bonus: The Color Range Mask in ACR

Reviews

a Creativelive Student
 

Amazing course, but don't be fooled into thinking this is a beginner's course for photographers. The problem isn't Blake's explanations; they're top. The problem is the vast scope of this course and the order in which the topics are presented. Take layers for example. When I was first learning Photoshop (back when we learned from books), I found I learned little or nothing from, for example, books that covered layers before they covered how to improve/process photographs. These books taught me how to organize, move, and link layers before they showed me what a layer was actually for. Those books tended to teach me everything there is to know about layers (types of layers, how to organize them, how to move them, how to move them two at a time, how to move them two at a time even if there are other layers between the two you're interested in, useful troubleshooting tips, etc. ) all before I even know (from a photographer's point of view) what it is the things actually do. The examples of organizing, linking, and moving mean everything for graphic designers from Day One, but for photographers not so much. Blake does the same thing as those books. Topics he covers extremely early demand a lot of theoretical imagination for a photographer who doesn't already know quite a bit about what he is talking about. Learning about abstract things first and concrete things later only makes PS that much harder to understand. If you AREN'T a beginner, however, this course is amazing. I thought it would be like an Army Bootcamp, taking you from zero and building you into a fit, competent Photoshop grunt. Now I think it's more like Army Bootcamp for high school varsity jocks. It isn't going to take you from the beginning, but the amount you'll get out of it is nonetheless more than your brain can imagine. I've been using PS for years to improve my photographs, and even to create the odd artistic composite or two. The amount I've learned in the first week is amazing, and every day I learn something -- more like many things -- which I immediately implement to improve my productivity and/or widen the horizons of what I can achieve. If you ARE a photographer who's a Photoshop beginner, I'd take very seriously the advice Blake gives in the introduction: Watch one lesson, and practice the skills and principles you learn in that one lesson for two weeks. THEN watch the next lesson. You can't do that of course without buying the course, so it's up to you to decide whether you'd like to learn Photoshop and master Photoshop all from the same course. Learning it first and mastering it later will cost more money, but I think you'll understand everything better and have a much more enjoyable ride in the process. As for me? I'm going to have to find the money to buy this course. There is simply way too much content in each lesson for me to try to take on all at once, but on the other hand I don't want to miss anything at all that he has to share.

Esther Gambrell
 

WOW!!! I've been purchasing CL classes for several years now and have watched HOURS of "How-To Photoshop" classes, but this is the first one I've actually purchased because of the AWESOME BONUS content!!! SERIOUSLY??!!?!? A PLUG-IN??? But not only that, Blake is SO easy to understand, and he breaks down concepts in different ways to connect with different people's learning styles. I REALLY appreciated this approach because I am a LEFT-BRAINED creative that has an engineering background, so I really connected to what Blake was saying. THANK YOU FOR THAT! There are TONS of Photoshop courses out there, but I found this one to be the most helpful in they way Blake teaches concepts so that you know WHY you're doing what your doing. I feel like he taught me how to fish with Photoshop to feed me for a lifetime instead of just giving me a fish to feed me for one day. This is the BEST overall PS course out there!!! Thank you!!!!

Sonya Messier
 

I'm been using Bridge, Adobe Raw and Photoshop for 12 years. I thought I knew those programs until I started to follow Blake and do this Photoshop CC Bootcamp. This course is AMAZING. I love the way Blake teach, brakes down concepts and tools... excellent teaching qualities! I'm half way in this course and I change all my workflow already. Much better results and better use of what Adobe offer me. This course is an investment! When I will be done, I will listen it again. Great job and congratulations on your success Blake!