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Introduction to Masks and Brushes

 

Adobe® Photoshop® CC® Bootcamp

 

Lesson Info

Introduction to Masks and Brushes

Next to layers, and layer tools, and all the layer properties that we've already discussed before, these can be one of the most tricky things to wrap your head around. Because you've got this layer that's now, kind of visible but invisible on top of everything else but now it's got thing other thing attached to it that allows it to also change the properties of that layer as well. So layer masks, what are they? Well we talked about the apps, the different apps that we have for our cell phone of a layer yesterday in layers. So we think of our layer as cell phone, at the root it makes a phone call, our layer, at its root, is just a layer within that layers palette. But its got different applications in it that allow it to do different things just like a phone becomes better than just making phone calls. So if we think about this in terms of that analogy of this, of the cell phone and the layer, this will be our fourth app that that layer has. And those four apps, those other apps we've t...

alked about in the layers were of course the opacity and fill, blend modes, and blend diff, well now we have the fourth app which will be the layer mask. A layer mask is nothing more than a temporary state that allows you to see what layers are underneath it. It's exactly like a party mask. So if you think about a party mask, let's just take a little look here. This plate by itself is just a plate, essentially, with a sunflower drawn on it, right? You see that black opening right there. Basically, what layer masks allow us to do is take whatever is black on that mask, so we can see what's underneath it. So then this sunflower, on a regular white piece of paper, if we think of this white sheet as a layer with data on it, or pixel data on it, we now remove that black area temporarily, and we essentially have a nice little sunflower party mask. And you can either see or not see what you want underneath that. It reveals what's under that mask, whether you wanna see my pretty face in the sunflower or not. Now, as silly as that might sound, you 're never gonna forget that when it comes to masking now because if you ever want to reveal what's underneath that area, all you have to do is think about using the brush and using black to reveal that area. So I need you to think like a sculptor here. This is a process, there's the additive process that's building with clay, and there's a subtractive process that will be chiseling out a stone. So if you think like a sculptor, this would be the subtractive process. The additive process within your layer stack is building up a series of layers, that's an additive process. The subtractive process is masking the layers. So if any one of those layers that you're adding onto that layer stack has something that you don't want, you can very easily remove it without deleting that area. If you also notice that when we set up our tools we didn't use the eraser tool. You would think, well why wouldn't we just use an eraser on this? Well you don't wanna use an eraser because the eraser will delete those pixels and they're gone. As I said before, masks are basically a temporary state change for that layer that can be easily changed by using black or white to make it either go away or come back. Layer mask basics here, we've got the layer masks you'll always find next to a layer. So if you don't have a layer mask there, there's the ability to add a layer mask there. We can make it so that all of our adjustment layers that come into Photoshop come in with a layer mask, and they can be linked to any type of layer. So as we talked aboutthe different types of layers, with Rasterized layers, Vector-based layers, and adjustment layers, every one of those layers can also have a mask on it. So it doesn't matter what type of layer it is that you're working with, they can all have masks. They can be applied to a group as well. So we talked about grouping our layers. So imagine you have a bunch of layers that also have masks on them, you can group them together and make a big primary mask for all of those layers that have masks or any properties inside that group. The thing here to remember is as I teach you Photoshop and I'm teaching you layers, I'm teaching you to work and think of that top layer as being the primary layer that dictates basically what's happening below it. So a mask, if you paint with black, it will reveal any of those underlying layers from the current effect that's on that top layer. So always be thinking about, not necessarily how is this layer here interacting with the top layers, but how is this top layer interacting with the layers below it. So we'll go ahead and jump into Photoshop at this point and I'll show you, before we even begin talking about masking, we have to talk about the brush. Because we haven't talked about the brush in Photoshop yet, and the brush is what's going to control a lot of the things we do with masking.

Class Description

Adobe® Photoshop® CC® is a valuable tool for photographers, but it can also be intimidating. In this all-inclusive 20 lesson course, you’ll go from opening the program for the first time to creating images that really stand out. Join Blake Rudis, Photoshop® expert and founder of f64 Academy, as he shows you how to maximize your use of Photoshop®. Topics covered will include:

Week 1
• Class Introduction & Bridge, Adobe Camera Raw, Setup Interface, Cropping and Layers
Week 2
• Layer Tools, Masks, Selections, Clean-Up Tools and Shapes & Text
Week 3
• Smart Objects , Transforming, Actions, Filters and Editing Video
Week 4
• Custom Creative Effects, Natural Retouching, Portrait Workflow, Landscape Workflow, and Composite Workflow

Don’t let the many aspects of Photoshop® prevent you from maximizing your use of this amazing app. Blake will help you develop the confidence to use your imagination and create the images that you will be proud to share with your clients.

Software Used: Adobe® Photoshop® CC® 2018

Lessons

1Bootcamp Introduction
2The Bridge Interface
3Setting up Bridge
4Overview of Bridge
5Practical Application of Bridge
6Introduction to Raw Editing
7Setting up ACR Preferences & Interface
8Global Tools Part 1
9Global Tools Part 2
10Local Tools
11Introduction to the Photoshop Interface
12Toolbars, Menus and Windows
13Setup and Interface
14Adobe Libraries
15Saving Files
16Introduction to Cropping
17Cropping for Composition in ACR
18Cropping for Composition in Photoshop
19Cropping for the Subject in Post
20Cropping for Print
21Perspective Cropping in Photoshop
22Introduction to Layers
23Vector & Raster Layers Basics
24Adjustment Layers in Photoshop
25Organizing and Managing Layers
26Introduction to Layer Tools and Blend Modes
27Screen and Multiply and Overlay
28Soft Light Blend Mode
29Color and Luminosity Blend Modes
30Color Burn and Color Dodge Blend Modes
31Introduction to Layer Styles
32Practical Application: Layer Tools
33Introduction to Masks and Brushes
34Brush Basics
35Custom Brushes
36Brush Mask: Vignettes
37Brush Mask: Curves Dodge & Burn
38Brush Mask: Hue & Saturation
39Mask Groups
40Clipping Masks
41Masking in Adobe Camera Raw
42Practical Applications: Masks
43Introduction to Selections
44Basic Selection Tools
45The Pen Tool
46Masks from Selections
47Selecting Subjects and Masking
48Color Range Mask
49Luminosity Masks Basics
50Introduction to Cleanup Tools
51Adobe Camera Raw
52Healing and Spot Healing Brush
53The Clone Stamp Tool
54The Patch Tool
55Content Aware Move Tool
56Content Aware Fill
57Custom Cleanup Selections
58Introduction to Shapes and Text
59Text Basics
60Shape Basics
61Adding Text to Pictures
62Custom Water Marks
63Introduction to Smart Objects
64Smart Object Basics
65Smart Objects and Filters
66Smart Objects and Image Transformation
67Smart Objects and Album Layouts
68Smart Objects and Composites
69Introduction to Image Transforming
70ACR and Lens Correction
71Photoshop and Lens Correction
72The Warp Tool
73Perspective Transformations
74Introduction to Actions in Photoshop
75Introduction to the Actions Panel Interface
76Making Your First Action
77Modifying Actions After You Record Them
78Adding Stops to Actions
79Conditional Actions
80Actions that Communicate
81Introduction to Filters
82ACR as a Filter
83Helpful Artistic Filters
84Helpful Practical Filters
85Sharpening with Filters
86Rendering Trees
87The Oil Paint and Add Noise Filters
88Introduction to Editing Video
89Timeline for Video
90Cropping Video
91Adjustment Layers and Video
92Building Lookup Tables
93Layers, Masking Video & Working with Type
94ACR to Edit Video
95Animated Gifs
96Introduction to Creative Effects
97Black, White, and Monochrome
98Matte and Cinematic Effects
99Gradient Maps and Solid Color Grades
100Gradients
101Glow and Haze
102Introduction to Natural Retouching
103Brightening Teeth
104Clean Up with the Clone Stamp Tool
105Cleaning and Brightening Eyes
106Advanced Clean Up Techniques
107Introduction to Portrait Workflow & Bridge Organization
108ACR for Portraits Pre-Edits
109Portrait Workflow Techniques
110Introduction to Landscape Workflow & Bridge Organization
111Landscape Workflow Techniques
112Introduction to Compositing & Bridge
113Composite Workflow Techniques
114Landscape Composite Projects
115Bonus: Rothko and Workspace
116Bonus: Adding Textures to Photos
117Bonus: The Mask (Extras)
118Bonus: The Color Range Mask in ACR